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Khovanov Homology, Lee Homology and a Rasmussen Invariant for Virtual Knots

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Aaron Kaestner, North Park University

What
  • Colloquium
  • Topology Seminar
When Fri, Oct 03, 2014
from 04:00 PM to 04:50 PM
Where Ritter Hall 222
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Abstract:

The paper contains an essentially self-contained treatment of Khovanov homology, Khovanov-Lee homology as well as the Rasmussen invariant for virtual knots and virtual knot cobordisms which directly applies to classical knot and classical knot cobordisms. To do so, we give an alternate formulation for the Manturov definition of Khovanov homology for virtual knots and links with arbitrary coefficients. This approach uses cut loci on the knot diagram to induce a conjugation operator in the Frobenius algebra. We then discuss the implications of the maps induced in the aforementioned theory to the universal Frobenius algebra for virtual knots. Next we show how one can apply the Karoubi envelope approach of Bar-Natan and Morrison on abstract link diagrams with cross cuts to construct the canonical generators of the Khovanov-Lee homology. Using these canonical generators we derive a generalization of the Rasmussen invariant for virtual knot cobordisms and furthermore generalize Rasmussen's result on the slice genus for positive knots to the case of positive virtual knots. It should also be noted that this generalization of the Rasmussen invariant provides an easy to compute obstruction to knot cobordisms in Sg×I×I in the sense of Turaev.

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