Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart





Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III


18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.


19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI

25th dynasty
Alara, Kashta, Piye,
Shabaka, Shabataka,
Taharqa, Tanutamun, etc.


Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period




Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35



Ahmose (Nebpehtire)



Ahmose before Osiris (Manchester Museum)
http://www.ancient-egypt.co.uk/index.htm

Horus name: Aakheperu
Nebty name: Tutmesut
Golden Falcon name: Tjestawy
Prenomen: Nebpehtire
Nomen: Ahmose
(From Digital Egypt)

1549-1524 B.C.


Father: Sekenenre Tao II
Mother: Ahhotep I: King’s Great Wife, King’s Daughter, King’s Sister, King’s Mother and God’s Wife of Amun. A stela from Ahmose suggests that this Queen played an important role in the expulsion of the Hyksos. She rallied the troops (or courtiers), possibly after the death of her husband Sekenenre Tao or after the death of Kamose, who was her brother-in-law, or possibly her son.



Queen Ahhotep, mother of King Ahmose.
From the Cairo Museum
http://www.ancient-egypt.co.uk/index.htm

Wives:
  • Ahmose Nefertari: King’s Great Wife, King’s Daughter, King’s Sister, King’s Mother, God’s Wife of Amun, and Second Priest(ess) of Amun.
  • Ahmose Henuttamehu: King’s Wife, King’s Daughter and King’s Sister.
  • Sitkamose: King’s Wife, God’s Wife, King’s Great Wife, King’s Daughter. Based on her name she was a daughter of the previous King Kamose. Her God’s Wife title was awarded posthumously.


Queen Ahmose-Nefertari (Met Museum)
Brothers
  • Ahmose: Eldest King’s Son. Known from a statue in the Louvre. It is possible that this Prince would in time rule as King Ahmose. It is also possible that this is an older brother of the same name.
  • Binpu: King’s Son
  • Ahmose Sipair: King’s Son. Appears on several monuments. This prince may have been the father of King Thutmosis I.

Sisters
  • Ahmose Nefertari: King’s Great Wife, King’s Daughter, King’s Sister, King’s Mother, God’s Wife of Amun, and Second Priest(ess) of Amun.
  • Ahmose Henuttamehu: King’s Wife, King’s Daughter and King’s Sister.
  • Ahmose: King’s Daughter and King’s Sister. She was the daughter of Sekenenre Tao and Queen Sitdjehuty, and hence a half-sister of King Ahmose.
  • Ahmose Henutemipet: King’s Daughter and King’s Sister.
  • Ahmose Tumerisy: King’s Daughter and King’s Sister.
  • Ahmose Nebetta: King’s Daughter and King’s Sister. Known from a statue identifying her as King’s daughter, King’s sister, daughter of  Ahhotep , King’s wife (of Sekenenre-Taa),
  • (Ahmose-)Meryetamun: King’s Daughter and King’s Sister.

Sons:
  • Amenhotep (I)
  • Ahmose-ankh:  First King’s Son. Son of Ahmose and Ahmose-Nefertari.
  • Siamun: King’s Son
  • Ramose: King’s Son. Probably son of Ahmose

Daughters:
  • Meryetamun: King’s Great Wife, King’s Daughter, King’s Sister, God’s Wife of Amun. Meryetamun married her brother Ahmose. Buried in TT358.
  • Sitamun: God’s Wife, King’s Sister, King’s Daughter.
  • Mutnofret: King’s Mother, King’s Wife, King’s Sister, King’s Daughter. Her titles indicate that she was most likely the daughter of King Ahmose, the sister of Amenhotep I, and became the wife of Thutmosis I who may have been her cousin.
 


Ahmose (Brooklyn Museum, New York)
http://www.ancient-egypt.co.uk/index.htm




Some of the information about the royal family is supported by a scene in the tomb of Khabeknet.



Click on image to see a larger version of the scene.
From Lepsius, Abt 3, Band  5, Bl. 2

The inscriptions (according to Kitchen)

"Offering all things good and pure, of bread, beer, oxen, fowl, libation(s), wine , milk and incense, for your spirits - For the lords of eternity, by the hand of the servant in the place of Truth, [...,justified]"

Top Row:
Lord of Both Lands, Djoserkare, Lord of Crowns Amenophis (I)
Lady of Both Lands, Ahmose-Nefertari, may she live and abide
Lord of Both Lands, Seqenenre, Lord of Crowns, Ta'o the Valiant, given life like Re
Lady of Both Lands, Ahhotep, given life like Re forever
King's Sister, Lady of Both Lands, Merytamun, may she live
King's Sister, Ta-ireres(?), may she live
God's Mother, Kaes-Mut, may she live
King's Sister, Sitamun, may she live
King's Son, [...]
Royal Lady - title and name lost
Great Royal Wife, Hent-Tamehu, may she live
King's Wife, Tures, may she live
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands,Ahmose, may she live and abide like Re
King's Son Sa-pair, may (s)he live, and abide like Re forever and ever.

Bottom row:
Officiant: "Offereing all things good and pure to your spirits, to the Lords of the West, by the hand of the Servant of the Place of the Truth, [...]"

Lord of Both Lands, Nebhepetre, Lord of Crowns, Mentuhotep (II), given life like Re
Lord of Both Lands, Nebpehtyre, Lord of Crowns, Ahmose (I), given life like Re
Good God, Lord of Both Lands,Sekhentnebre, given life
Lord of Both Lands, Wa[djkhe]perre, Lord of Crowns, Kamose, given life like Re forever
King's Son, Binpu, given life like Re
King's Son, Wadjmose
King's Son, Ramose, given life
King's Son, Nebenkhuru (?), given life
King's Son Ahmose, given life like Re
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Kamose, may she live
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Sit-ir-bau, may she live
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Ta-khered-qa, may she live forever
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, [...], [...]
[... rest, all lost ...]

Some of these men and women are not otherwise known to us. Khabeknet's tomb dates to the Ramesside period and this scene is related to the worship of Amenhotep I and his mother Ahmose-Nefertari.

Ahmose is known to have honored his grand-mother Tetisheri. A stela (now in the Cairo Museum) shows Ahmose offering to Tetisheri.



Ahmose Nebpehtire shown twice before Queen Tetisheri.

Ahmose ordered a 'shrine' to be built to the memory of Tetisheri in Abydos. This shrine to Tetisheri was actually a mud-brick pyramid, with a slope of about 60 degrees. It is though that problems with the construction led to the collapse of the small pyramid--probably in ancient times. (from a lecture given by Dr. Stephen Harvey)

The mummy of Ahmose
His mummy was found in one of the royal caches (DB320) together with the mummies of his sister-wife Ahmose-Nefertari as well as some of the lesseer ranking royal lades like Henuttamehu, Henutemipet and Sitkamose.


Ahmose died at an age of ca 35 - 40. He stood about 1.64 m tall (5ft 4 1/3 in).

http://members.tripod.com/anubis4_2000/mummypages1/Early18.htm#Amosis




Officials from the time of Ahmose

Ahmose, Son of Ebana, Head of the King's Sailors (Admiral), Parents: Baba, son of Ra-Inet, (Army commander of Seqenenre-Taa II) and Ebana; Wives: Iput and Kema;  Son: Meky; Daughter: Kem, married to Atefrura (Tutor of the King's Son Wadjmose), mother of Paheri.  Grandsons: Paheri (son of Atefrura and Kem), Heri-iri (son of Atefrura and Sitamun) ;  Ahmose, son of Ebana, served Kings Ahmose, Amenhotep I and Tuthmosis I.
Ahmose called Pen-nekhbet General. Served from the time of Ahmose to Hatshepsut / Tuthmosis III. Hereditary prince, count, wearer of the royal seal, chief treasurer, herald [of his Lord, ....]
Ahmose Si-Tayet, King’s Son of Kush 
Hery overseer of the granary of the king's wife and king's mother Ahhotep TT12;Mother: Ahmose. Son: Ahmose (another son and three daughters are shown)
Minmontu : Known from a funerary cones from Thebes. See the digitalegypt site for artifacts. 
Sikhentekhtai  Overseer of the two granaries of the King’s mother Ahhotep  (probably mother of Amosis), etc., son of Sit-hor (mother) [GI]
Thuty: First Prophet of Amun and Overseer of the treasurers. Time of Ahmose. From funerary cone in the Metropolitan Museum.


   





Last edited: April 2008






Comments: email barta@slu.edu