Kings and Queens
Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.
named Mentuhotep and Intef
I - IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.
I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.
IV - XI
Alara, Kashta, Piye,
Taharqa, Tanutamun, etc.
(D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle
(D16-20)- New Kingdom
(D21-29)- Late Period
Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Amenhotep son of Hapu
Some of his titles:
Hereditary prince, count, sole companion, fan-bearer on the king's right hand
, chief of the king's works
even all the
great monuments which are brought, of every excellent costly stone;
steward of the King's-daughter of the
, who liveth; overseer of the cattle of Amon
in the South and North, chief of the prophets of Horus, lord of Athribis
, festival leader of Amon
Family background and career:
Amenhotep called Huy, son of Hapu was a very influential noble from the
time of Amenhotep III. Amenhotep was the son of Hapu (Hapi) and the
Several inscriptions outline his career and show
how he rose through the ranks.
Amenhotep started off as a king's scribe as mentioned on his statue:
I was appointed to be inferior
was introduced into the divine book, I beheld the excellent things of
Thoth; I was equipped with their secrets; I opened all their [passages
(?)]; one took counsel with me on all their
After distinguishing himself, Amenhotep was
promoted to the position of Scribe of Recruits.
... he put all the people subject
and the listing of their number under my control, as superior
king's-scribe over recruits. I levied the
(military) classes of my lord, my pen reckoned the numbers of millions; I put them in [classes (?)]
in the place of their [elders (?)]; the staff of old age as his beloved
son. I taxed the houses with the numbers
belonging thereto, I divided the troops
(of workmen) and their houses, I filled out the subjects with the best of the captivity, which his majesty had
captured on the battlefield. I appointed all
their troops (Tz.t), I levied -------. I placed
troops at the heads of the way(s)
to turn back the foreigners in
Amenhotep mentions being on a campaign to Nubia.
I was the chief at the head of the
mighty men, to smite the Nubians [and the Asiatics (?)], the plans of
my lord were a refuge behind me; [when I wandered (?)] his command
surrounded me; his plans embraced all lands and
all foreigners who were by his side. I reckoned
up the captives of the victories of his majesty, being in charge
Later he was promoted to "Chief of all works",
thereby overseeing the building program of Pharaoh Amenhotep III
His connections to court finally led to Amenhotep
being appointed as Steward to Princess-Queen Sitamen.
Amenhotep son of Hapu.
(From egyptarchive - J. Bodsworth)
Mortuary temple edict
An inscription on a limestone stela records how Amenhotep son
of Hapu was allowed to build a mortuary temple right next to the temple
of Amenhotep III. This type of honor is exceedingly rare.
Year 31, fourth month of the first
season, sixth day, under the majesty of the King of Upper and Lower
Egypt, the Lord of the Two Lands, Nibmare, L.P.H.; Son of Re, of his
body, Lord of Diadems, Amenhotep (III), L.P.H.
On this day, one (=the king) was in the ka-chapel of
the hereditary prince, count, king's-scribe, Amenhotep. There were
brought in: the governor of the city, and vizier, Amenhotep, the
overseer of the treasury, Meriptah, and the king's-scribes of the army.
One said to them in the presence of his
majesty, L.P.H.: "Hear the command which is given, to furnish the
ka-chapel of the hereditary prince, the royal scribe, Amenhotep, called
Huy, Son of Hapu, whose excellence is [extolled (?)] in
order to perpetuate his ka-chapel with slaves, male and female,
forever; son to son, heir to heir; in order that none trespass upon it
Amenhotep son of Hapu would go
down in history as a god. He was worshipped for centuries and there are
inscriptions showing Amenhotep was venerated as a healer.
- Votary text on a statue dedicated to Amenhotep by a
daughter of King Psamtik (26th dynasty)
- Greek votive text Deir el Bahri, Ptolemaic period
- Greek ostracon dating from the reign of Ptolemy II
for much more detail.
Death and Burial:
It is generally believed that Amenhotep was
buried in Thebes and he may have been buried in Qurnet El Murnai. Parts
of his sarcophagus have been found, but the exact location of his tomb
is not known.
Some items from his tomb:
"The coffin is similar to that of Merymose,
Amenophis III's Viceroy of Nubia, in the style of panelling. His coffin
is now in The British Museum and originally was a nest of 3. However,
Merymose' coffin is anthropoid (human shaped) with a head and feet.
The coffin of Amenhotep Son of
Hapu is quite unusual. The
lid is smoothly curved with a round head end and a contour that tapers
from the shoulders to the flat foot end. This shape is more usual of
later Third Intermediate Period and Late Period sarcophagi than those
of the New Kingdom.The
fragments in the Egypt Centre show 4 titles of
Amenhotep: commander of the army; overseer of the double granaries; fan
bearer on the right side; governor."
Last edited: September 2008