Ancient Egypt


Page by Anneke Bart


Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III

18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.

19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI

25th dynasty
Alara, Kashta, Piye,
Shabaka, Shabataka,
Taharqa, Tanutamun, etc.

Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period


Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom

Amarna Period
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35


Amenhotep I

Amenhotep I depicted in funerary cult
time of Ramesses XI

Horus name: Kauwaftau
Nebty name: Aaneru
Golden Falcon name: Wahrenput
Prenomen: Djeserkare
Nomen: Amenhotep



Son of King Ahmose and Queen Ahmose Nefertari. He had an older brother Ahmose-Sipair who died before he could ascend the throne. Amenhotep I may have been quite young when he came to the throne, and his mother Ahmose-Nefertari served as regent. According to Manetho Amenhotep reigned for 20 years and 7 months. A record from a tomb seems to confirm this time period.

Ahmose-Merytamon: She was a wife of Amenhotep I and the daughter of Ahmose I. Her mummified remains were among those discovered at Deir El-Bahri that were re-wrapped and buried by 20th dynasty priests. She appears to have died in her early thirties and had arthritis and scoliosis.
Titles: Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), Mistress of the Entire Two Lands (hnwt-t3wy-tm), God’s Wife (hmt-ntr), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), King’s Sister (snt-niswt). Later: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)
For more information about her mummy see Theban Mummy project page.

Queen Ahmose-Merytamen
Limestone bust from Thebes (temple of Karnak)
From (British Museum)

? Ahhotep II ? Some scholars believe that Queen Ahhotep II was also a wife of Amenhotep and the mother of a son called Amenemhat. There is considerable confusion about queens by the name of Ahhotep. Some think there was only one Queen by that name, while others believe there may have been two or even three Queens by that name.

? Senisoneb ? Amenhotep I was followed on the throne by King Tuthmosis I. It is usually thought that Tuthmosis belonged to a collateral branch of the royal family and that Amenhotep I had no living sons to succeed him to the throne at the time of his death. It is quite interesting that DNA test conducted by Dr Scott Woodward would argue for Tuthmosis I being the natural son of Amenhotep I. A report mentions: " Thutmosis shares a particular allele with Amenhotep ; conventional wisdom says they were not father and son but DNA evidence implies that they were. " (see: )  If we are to believe that Amenhotep I is Tuthmosis I's father, then Senisoneb must have been a minor wife (concubine) of Amenhotep I.

Abydos: Amenhotep I dedicated a chapel to his father Ahmose in Abydos. A scene from that chapel is now in Brussels (GEM)

Thebes: Amenhotep I constructed monuments in Thebes. On the Global Egyptian Museum there is mention of part of a stela:
"This fragment of a Stela of Amenhotep the First has a scene divided into two parts: On the right, King Amenhotep the First is shown sitting on the throne followed by his wife, Ahhotep the Second, in front of an offering table. They are receiving an offering from someone who seems to be the king himself.
In the other part of the scene, the divine couple, Amun and his consort Mut, is shown sitting to receive the two Nu vases from the king who stands behind the table." (GEM)

Cult of Amenhotep I and his mother Ahmose Nefertari

Stela depicting Amenhotep I and Ahmose Nefertari.
Link to Wikimedia Commons  and the Lepsius website Abt.3 Band 5 Bl 1

Amenhotep I and his mother Ahmose-Nefertari were later deified and worshipped as gods. There were apparently also several version of Amenhotep I being worshipped:
Amenhotep of the Village, Amenhotep of the Forecourt, Amenhotep of the Garden and supposedly some more. In one of her books Tyldesley mentions a statue of Amenhotep being carried through the necropolis. The god would actually pass judgment in legal matters! She mentions that according to a papyrus(?) there was a dispute between Merysekhmet and Kenna concerning some property. The statue stopped outside the tomb of Kaha (TT360) and apparently the statue would move in certain direction. Forwards would mean yes, and backwards would mean no.

A posthumously-created stela depicting Amenhotep I and Ahmose-Nefertari giving offerings to Osiris,
now residing in the Brooklyn Museum. (by Keith Schengili-Roberts)

We see more evidence of the cult of the royal ancestors in the tomb of Khabeknet.

Click on image to see a larger version of the scene.
From Lepsius, Abt 3, Band  5, Bl. 2

The inscriptions (according to Kitchen)

"Offering all things good and pure, of bread, beer, oxen, fowl, libation(s), wine , milk and incense, for your spirits - For the lords of eternity, by the hand of the servant in the place of Truth, [...,justified]"

Top Row:
Lord of Both Lands, Djoserkare, Lord of Crowns Amenophis (I)
Lady of Both Lands, Ahmose-Nefertari, may she live and abide
Lord of Both Lands, Seqenenre, Lord of Crowns, Ta'o the Valiant, given life like Re
Lady of Both Lands, Ahhotep, given life like Re forever
King's Sister, Lady of Both Lands, Merytamun, may she live
King's Sister, Ta-ireres(?), may she live
God's Mother, Kaes-Mut, may she live
King's Sister, Sitamun, may she live
King's Son, [...]
Royal Lady - title and name lost
Great Royal Wife, Hent-Tamehu, may she live
King's Wife, Tures, may she live
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands,Ahmose, may she live and abide like Re
King's Son Sa-pair, may (s)he live, and abide like Re forever and ever.

Bottom row:
Officiant: "Offereing all things good and pure to your spirits, to the Lords of the West, by the hand of the Servant of the Place of the Truth, [...]"

Lord of Both Lands, Nebhepetre, Lord of Crowns, Mentuhotep (II), given life like Re
Lord of Both Lands, Nebpehtyre, Lord of Crowns, Ahmose (I), given life like Re
Good God, Lord of Both Lands,Sekhentnebre, given life
Lord of Both Lands, Wa[djkhe]perre, Lord of Crowns, Kamose, given life like Re forever
King's Son, Binpu, given life like Re
King's Son, Wadjmose
King's Son, Ramose, given life
King's Son, Nebenkhuru (?), given life
King's Son Ahmose, given life like Re
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Kamose, may she live
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Sit-ir-bau, may she live
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Ta-khered-qa, may she live forever
God's Wife, Lady of Both Lands, [...], [...]
[... rest, all lost ...]

Some of these men and women are not otherwise known to us. Khabeknet was a Servant in the place of Truth (= royal craftsman) at the time of Rameses II. The cult of Amenhotep and Ahmose Nefertari seems to have been particularly active in the village of the craftsmen in Deir el Medina.

Burial place:

Picture of the coffin and mummy (cartonnage intact) of Amenhotep I, from Smith's The Royal Mummies.
See Wikimedia Commons

Unknown, most probably Thebes. The mummy of Amenhotep I was found in the cache in DB 320. According to the Theban Mummy Project:
"The mummy of Amenhotep I is in good condition and has never been unwrapped. It was found with a floral garland, a cartonnage funerary mask, and an orange shroud. A wasp was also found in the coffin. X-rays published in 1967 reveal a bead girdle and a small amulet still within the mummy wrappings. They also show a post-mortem fracture of the lower right arm, which Reeves thinks was probably caused by re-wrapping done in the XXI'st Dynasty. Although broken, the kings arms had been placed across his chest in what was to become the standard position for king's mummies." For more information click here

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