Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart





Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III


18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.


19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI


Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period




Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35

Prince Khaemwaset.



Khaemwaset at Dapur (year 10); photo by Sesen.




Second son of Ramesses II and Queen Isetnofret. Prince Ramesses was an older brother and Prince Merenptah was his younger brother. Princess Bint-Anath was his sister.
Khaemwaset had at least three children, their mother's name is not known.
Prince Ramesses was his eldest son, and Prince Hori was the son who would later become a High Priest of Ptah, just like his father. Khaemwaset had a daughter named Isetnofret.

 

Khaemwaset in Luxor.
(Photo by Yuti)

Below I have attempted to organize the information somewhat according to time-period and geographical period.

Khaemwaset grew up with his brothers during a time of foreign conflict. He apparently was present at the battle of Kadesh, at the siege of Qode (Naharin), the siege of Dapur in Syria and earlier in Nubia. Inscriptions from this time are under Battle and War related Scenes
After this initial period where Khaemwaset may have had some military training, or at least was present, he became a Sem-Priest of Ptah in Memphis. This would have happened in ca. year 16 of Ramesses II's reign. He would have initially been a deputy to the High Priest of Ptah in Memphis named Huy. During his time as Sem-Priest Khaemwaset was quite active. He was involved with the burila of several Apis Bulls at the Serapeum. See Serapeum inscription.
After year 30 Khaemwaset becomes involved with the Sed Jubilees. In ca year 25 his older brother Ramesses would have become Crown-Prince, and Khaemwaset becomes involved with the announcements of the Sed Festivals. These sed festivals were traditionally held in Memphis, but we see some of the announcements being made in the south in El-Kab and Silsila. See Sed Festival inscriptions for some of these texts.
While a Sem-Priest Khaemwaset may also have become inolved with the construction of / additions to the temple of Ptah in Memphis. There are several inscriptions that attest to Khaemwaset's activities in Memphis.
Prince Khaaemwaset is also famous for some of the restaurations to old kingdom monuments. Inscriptions from Khaemwaset can be found at several of the old kingdom pyramids and other monuments. He seems to have undertaken these tasks during his later tenure as Sem-Priest and some of the inscriptions mention his title as 'Chief of the Artificers' of Chief of Crafts'. hence some of these restaurations were undertaken after Khaemwaset had been promoted to High Priest of Ptah in Memphis, ca year 45. Some of the retauration inscriptions can be found below.
There are quite few statues and monuments mentioning Prince Khaemwaset and some of these statues etc. are listed below. There are also some records which come from Fayum and Middle Egypt.
After ca. year 50 Khaemwaset becomes Crown Prince himslef after the death of his older brother Ramesses. There are several documents from this time period that mention some of the people working for Khaemwaset. We have the name of one of his stewards and treasurers, his retainers, his scribes and even some of the sailors who worked for him. Some of this information is listed under Khaemwaset's subordinates.
Finally there are records of some minor items that don't seem to fall under any of these categories, so they ended up under "minor objects"

 

Enjoy the information.
I should note that most, if not all, the quotes below are taken directly from:
Kitchen, K.A., Rammeside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume II, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
Sometimes part of the text was omitted and for any further information one should of course consult above mentioned publication.


Battle and War related Scenes:

I. Battle of Kadesh from Year 5.
Episode I: the Camp & Council of War
Episode II: the Battle
Episode III: Captives and Spoils presented to the King

The Princes Hor-hir-wenemef, Meryre and Sety are shown leading prisoners.
Episode IV: Presentation of Spoils to the Gods
We see 12 princes leading prisoners before the Gods:
i. Amenhirkhepeshef, Fanbearer on the King's Right [hand], Royal scribe, Generalissimo and King's Son - [name of prisoners lost]
ii. Ramesses, Royal scribe, Generalissimo and [bodily] King's Son [beloved of him] -  Maryannu-warriors of the despicable Naharina.
iii. <Pre-hir-wenemef>, [First Charioteer of] his Majesty, Royal scibe, Superintendent of the Horse - Maryannu-warriors of Aleppo
iv. Khaemwaset, [Presenting tribute af]ter His Majesty, by the King's Son - Sons of chiefs of the Hatti-land.

v. Montu-hir-khepeshef, Presenting tribute after His Majesty, by the King's Son - Maryannu-warriors of Gasgas
vi. Nebenkhurru, Presenting tribute after His Majesty, by the King's Son - Maryannu-warriors of Alshe, Ugarit, Nuhasse.
vii. Meryamun, Presenting tribute after His Majesty, by the King's Son - Maryannu-warriors of Dardanaya
viii. Amenemwia, Presenting tribute after His Majesty, by the King's Son - Troops of Masa, (and) warriors of Lukku.
ix. Setepenre, Presenting tribute after His Majesty, by the King's Son - [...]
x. Sethy, Presenting tribute after His Majesty, by the King's Son - Footsoldiers of Carchemish.
xi. Meryre, Presenting tribute after His Majesty, by the King's Son - [...]
xii. Merenptah, Presenting tribute [by the Delegate on the Throne of] Geb, Senior King's Son - Footsoldiers of Ugarit.

 
II. Luxor, Forecourt, W. Wall: N. Side, Bottom register.
A. King shoots at Fort
(In the land of Qode, in the district of Naharina).
B. King receives Prisoners led in by his Sons:
i. Four Princes Leading Prisoners: Amen-hir-khepeshef, Ramesses, Pre-hir-wenemef and Khaemwaset.
ii. Princes Attending on the King:
Khaemwaset, Montu-hir-wenemef, Nebenkhurru, Meryamun, Amenemwia, and Setepenre.
iii. Princes with Prisoners:
Meryamun, Amenemwia, Setepenre, and Sety.
iv. Princes with Prisoners
- Kneeling Princes: Meryre, Hor-hir-wenemef
- Running Princes: Amenhotep, Merenptah.

 

The Battle of Dapur (Image from wikicommons)


C. Battle against Dapur (Year 10?) - Ramesseum Record:
Two Princes in Battle:
Bodily and Beloved King's Son, Montu-hir-khepeshef (Amenhirkhepeshef?)
Bodily and Beloved King's Son, Khaemwaset.
Four Princes in Siege of Fort:
Bodily and Beloved King's Son, Amenemwia
Bodily and Beloved King's Son, Meryamun
Bodily and Beloved King's Son, Sety
Bodily and Beloved King's Son, Setepenre

     
Beit-el-Wali war scene - close-ups of the two sons.

D. Beit el Wali Temple; Nubian War (Co-regency period?).
King attacks Nubians and their Village.
King accompanied by Prince Amen-hir-wenemef and Prince Khaemwaset.

return



Serapeum Inscriptions

 Serapeum; Apis-Burials years 16 and 30.
A. Double Scene, South Wall of Chamber

King and Prince before Apis (twice):Horus Falcon, Strong Bull, beloved of Maat; Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II
King's Son and Sem-Priest
Khaemwaset,   <text omitted>
B. Twin Shabti statuettes, from Niche in S. Wall.

i. The King's Son and Sem-Priest
Khaemwaset - may you behold Re, may he place himself upon your body; the place/throne of Horus is yours there.
ii. The King's Son and Sem-Priest
Khaemwaset (and?) Haremonet, ... he has joined ... pure/Apis (?)
C. Two magical Bricks:
<text omitted>
D. Burial Goods: Canopic Jar given by Prince Khaemwaset
<text omitted> Monument made by the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
E. Lesser Objects from Prince Khaemwaset
i. Shabti figure, Louvre N 456:
Illuminate the Osiris, Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
ii. Oval Amulet, Louvre AF 6796:
Words spoken. Osiris-Apis, whom Isis (?) has illuminated by her powers (?), Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
iii. Red Tyet Amulet, Louvre 2880:
 Osiris  Apis, living by the fresh(?) breeze; King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset
F. Votive Statues from Dignitaries

i. Prince Ramesses:
King's Son and Generalissimo, Ramesses, justified before Sokar.
ii. High priest Huy:

1st shabti: Illuminate the Osiris Chief directing Crafts and Sem-Priest Huy, justified.
2nd shabti: Illuminate the Osiris Chief directing Crafts, the Sem-Priest Hu<y>.
iii. Memphite Mayor Huy:
Osiris, Lord ("great") Mayor of Memphis, Huy.
iv. Chief Sculptor, Hatia
: Osiris, chief sculptor Hatia, justified
v. Mourner, Hor-si-aru:
Osiris, the mourner of Apis, Hor-si-aru, justified
vi. Neferhor:
Osiris, priest and goldworker of Ptah, Neferhor.
vii. Draftsman Khaemwaset:
Illuminate the Osiris, the draftsman, Khaemwaset.
viii. Lady Sahti-qedet:
Osiris, Lady of the House, Sahti-qedet.
ix. Lady Huy:
Illuminate the Osiris, Lady of the House, Huy, justified.

       

Serapeum, Later Apis Burials
Apis III(?), year 30+x?
5 shabtis inscribed for the Osiris Apis.
Apis IV(?), about year 55
i. 2 shabtis
: inscribed for the Osiris Apis.
ii. Tyet Amulet, Louvre 2943:
Chief directing Crafts, Sem-Priest, King's Son Khaemwaset.
iii. Heart(?) Amulet, Louvre AF.2333:
.. the fillet, Pillar-of-his-Mother, Sem-Priest, King's Son Khaemwaset.
iv. Green Wadj Amulet, Louvre 2318:
Chief directing Crafts, Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.

 

Tomb Chapel and Burial (?) at the Serapeum
A. Granite False Door, Serapeum

i. Center Top:
Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
ii. Center between two seated figures:
(Long) live the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
iii. Inner vertical line, right:
(Long) live the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset., even as the stars in heaven live; May he see Hathor, [Lady] of heaven.
iv. Inner vertical line, left:
(Long) live the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset., even as the stars live in the sky (Nut).
v. Outer frame, right:
<text omitted> for the Chief Directing the Artisans, the Sem-Priest controlling all clothing, and King's Son, Khaemwaset , just[ified]
vi. Outer frame, left:
<text omitted> for the Chief Directing the Artisans, the Sem-Priest controlling all clothing, and King's Son, Khaemwaset , [justified]

 B. Blocks from destroyed Tomb-Chapel (?)
I. Limestone relief, butchery scene, Kestner Museum Hannover:
<text omitted> the Iunmutef, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset., abiding [...]
II. Pair of adjoining Blocks, Apa Jeremias Monastery, Saqqara

<text omitted> the Sem-Priest and King's Son
Khaemwaset.
III. Column Drum: Prince seated at offerings:
i. Over Prince & Offerings:
Seated at the offering-table, seeing the sustenance, and the libation-vessel holding (primeval) flood water.
ii. Titles in front:
Controller of all (Memphite) temples, the Sem-Priest controlling all clothing, and King's Son, Kha[emwaset , ...]
IV. Relief with head, Louvre N.518

Khaemwaset., who does this for the sake of [...]
V. Relief of Prince with hes-vase Brooklyn Museum 37.513.E

Khaemwaset., justified
VI. Relief (Tomb or Apis-Temple) Louvre E.25497

i. Upper Register: Prince offers (to Ptah): Khaemwaset.
ii. Lower Register: Prince before Apis-bull:
King's Son, Chief directing the Artisans, Se[m-priest, .. Khaemwaset. ..]
iii. Lower Register, Main text:
Words spoken: "(I) have opened for you your mouth with "Great-of-Magic, O living Osiris-Apis, image of Ptah!" Usermaatre Setepenre [...]
VII. Relief (of Khaemwaset?), Berlin 12410
<text omitted>

Items from the serapeum that may be from Khaemwaset's burial

                  



These items were discovered by Mariette and are now in the Louvre.

 Serapeum, Temple of Apis Bulls, Dedicatory Text:
<text omitted> titles: the Osiris, the Sem-Priest and King's Son
Khaemwaset.

 Serapeum, Temple of Apis, Other Fragments
A. Base block for Apis Bull Statue:
<text omitted>
 titles: Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son
Khaemwaset,
The King's Son of Usermaatre Setepenre, the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset,
B. Blocks from doorway and adjoining walls

<text omitted>
titles: the Sem-Priest and King's Son
Khaemwaset.
The Iunmutef-priest, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset,
This may be the blocks shown on the Global Egyptian Museum site. Quote:

Three rectangular relief fragments from a doorway in the Apis temple at Saqqara. The representations are in sunk relief with inner detail. The inscriptions are carved. Only traces of the scenes are left, but they are mainly offering scenes. The inscriptions mention the title of Prince Kha-em-wese "support of his mother, sem-priest" as well as the name of King Ramesses II. The fragments ÄOS 5081-83 come from the same temple. 

Serapeum, Other Statuary
A. Naophorous Statue
i. Base, right half: An offering which Hathor, Mistress of the West, gives - of bread, breezes, libations, incense, and every good thing that is in it (=West), to the Iunmutef Priest, Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest of Ptah [and King's Son Khaemwaset]
ii. Base, left half: An offering which the living Apis, intermediary, gives - may he give a happy lifetime with glory, power and justification, to the Iunmutef Priest, wab-priest of the Per-Wer (shrine), the Sem-Priest of Ptah South of [his Wall] , Khaemwaset [...]
iii. Naos front: Prince adores Anubis-jackal: Anubis upon the mountain, Lord of Ankhtawy. the Sem-Priest of Ptah and King's Son Khaemwaset
iv. Naos front, frame text: An offering which Anubis gives [...]
An offering [which ...] gives [...] coming [and going?] as wished (?), old age with [favor? ...]
v. Naos right side: An offering which Sokar, Lord of Ro-Setjau, great god, Lord of the Shetayet shrine, gives; - may he give a happy lifetime following his will, endowed with life, stability and prosperity within Memphis (Inbu, "walls"), - to the Hereditary Prince, Heir Apparent to Geb, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
vi. Naos left side:
An offering which is given by the living Apis, Herald of Ptah, great god, Lord of Ankh-tawy - may he give invocation-offerings of bread and beer, oxen and fowl, libation, wine and milk, and everything good and pure, to the Hereditary Prince, Chief over the Two Lands, King's Son, controller of all clothing, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaem[waset]
vii. Naos base, center line: The living Apis, Herald of Ptah.
viii. Prince adores Bull: the Sem-Priest of Ptah Khaemwaset,
ix. Dorsal pillar right: [..] years for everlasting, and may his favor be good with his father, - the King's Son of Usermaatre Setepenre, Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset
x. Dorsal pillar left: [...] Iunmutef-priest, born of the Great Royal Wife, Isetnofret, the Sem-Priest of Ptah Khaemwaset
xi. Princess [... text lost ...]
B. Statue Base
The Iunmutef-priest, the Sem-Priest and King's Son
Khaemwaset, <text omitted>

return



Jubilees (Sed Festivals)



Khaemwaset proclaims the  year 30 heb-sed festival - West Silsila
From Lepsius, Abt III, Band 7, Bl. 175

A. First Jubilee, Proclamation at West Silsila:
Year 30, 1st Occasion of the Jubilee-festival of the Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre [given life forever. His majesty decreed that] the jubilee festival should be proclaimed in the entire land, by the King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset, justified.

 
Stela depicting the royal family;
 Painting based on linedrawing by Lepsius. The original can be found at Abt III, Band 7, Bl 174

B. West Silsila Speos, Royal Family Stela by Prince Khaemwaset.
Prince, King, Queen and Princess-Queen before Ptah and Nefertem.
i. Deities:
Ptah-Tonen Nefertem, guardian of the Two Lands, life of the people.
ii. King:
Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II
iii. Prince:
King's Son, beloved of him, Khaemwaset.
iv. Queen:
Great Royal Wife Isetnofret
v. Princess-Queen:
Hereditary Princess, great in favor(s) (?), King's daughter and Great Royal Wife, Bint-Anath, may she live.
vi. Text:
   Year 33/34, ... <text omitted>
His majesty decreed that [the King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset] should be charged to proclaim the jubilee in the entire land, <text omitted>
vii. Two princes:
His elder brother, the Hereditary Prince, Royal Scribe, Generalissimo, and bodily Senior King's Son, Ramesses.
His younger brother, the Royal Scribe, skilled of fingers, bodily King's Son, Merenptah.

 Bigeh, Rock text
a. Main Inscription:
Year 30: 1st celebration of the Jubilee Festival.
Year 34: repeat (celebration) of the Jubilee Festival.
Year 37: 3rd (celebration) of the Jubilee Festival.
- (of) Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, given life forever.
His Majesty charged the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, to proclaim the Jubilee festival in the entire land.
b. Three identical Graffiti: Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.

 West Silsila Speos, Stela South of Inner Doorway
a. King and Prince offer to Ptah and Amen
i. Deities: Ptah-Tatonen;  Amen-Re, King of Gods
ii. King: Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, given life.
Act: Presenting Maat
iii. Prince: Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
b. Text:
Year 30: 1st celebration of the Jubilee Festival.
Year 34: Repetition of the Jubilee Festival.
Year 37: 3rd (celebration) of the Jubilee Festival.
Year 40, 4th (celebration) of the Jubilee Festival, [under]
The Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, given life forever. [His] Majesty decreed that the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, [be charged] to proclaim the Jubilee festival in [the entire land, throughout the South and the Nort]h.

 West Silsila Speos, Stela North of Inner Doorway
a. King and Prince offer to Ptah and Sobek

i. Deities: Ptah,Lord of both Lands.  Sobek, Lord of Silsila.
ii. King: Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II.
Act: Presenting Maat
iii. Prince: Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
b. Text:
Year 30: 1st celebration of the Jubilee Festival.
Year 34: Repetition of the Jubilee Festival.
Year 37: 3rd (celebration) of the Jubilee Festival.
Year 40, 4th (celebration) of the Jubilee Festival, under
The Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, given life forever. His Majesty decreed that [the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset,] be charged to proclaim the Jubilee festival in the entire land, throughout the South and the North.

West Silsila Speos, Graffiti of Prince Khaemwaset's Aides:
The servant of the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset, Aya; he came to proclaim the 4th Jubilee, with the scribe of Accounts, Pay, when he came with the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, at the Jubilee festival.

[There is a stela of the Vizier Khay at the West Silsila Speos. This stela also dates to year 40. The text says: "The Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, given life like Re forever. His Majesty decreed that the Hereditary Noble and Count, God's Father beloved of the God, Guardian of Nekhen, Prophet of Maat, Judge and Dignitary, City-governor and Vizieer, Khay, justified, be charged to proclaim the Jubilee festival in the entire land, throughout the South and the North."]

 

Probably from the 4th Jubilee (, by servants of Khaemwaset?)
A. West Silsila Speos, Khaemwaset's South Niche
i. Text, top and right: An offering given to Ptah-Nun the mighty, Tatonen, father of the Gods, and the Royal Spirit of the Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, namely of[ferings ..]
ii. Text, top and left: An offering given to Sobek, Lord of Silsila, and the Royal Spirit of the Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, namely offerings  and all provisions for the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
iii. Base-line:
Ramose, The Servant of the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset; he came with his master, to proclaim the Jubilee festival.

B. West Silsila Speos, Khaemwaset's North Niche
i. Text, top and right:
An offering given to Ptah- Tatonen, and the Royal Spirit of the Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, namely ..., with ...[for ... Khaemwaset], justified.
ii. Text, top and left:
An offering given to Ptah-Nun the mighty, and the Royal Spirit of the Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, namely every good thing which Ptah has created; and seeing the King of South and North Egypt in the Per-Wer shrine, [for] the King's Son ... and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset, justified.
iii. Base-line:
Ramose, The Servant of the King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset; he came [with his master, to proclaim the Jubilee festival].

Fifth jubilee, Year 42
El-Kab, Scene in Desert Temple of Amenhotep III.
i. King:
Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II
ii. Prince: Bodily's King's Son, beloved of him, Sem-Priest of Ptah Khaemwaset.
iii. Text:
Year 42, coming by the King's Son and Sem-Priest of Ptah, who pleases the heart of the Lord of the Two Lands, Khaemwaset, to proclaim the 5th Jubilee festival in the entire land.



Khaemwaset in El-Kab.
The original line drawing can be found at Abt III, Band 7, Bl 174


 return

 Memphis

Memphis, Works in Precinct of Ptah.

A. Limestone ribbed column fragment, Edinburgh, Royal museum of Scotland (1908.364)
Mentions: [... Chief] directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
B. Column fragment (Gomaa No.43)
Mentions:
[...] the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
C. Deep ribbed Columns

Mentions: [..] the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
D. Block with 2 dancing figures flanked by Khaemwaset, Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum E.59.1914
Mentions:
Iunmutef-priest and the Sem-Priest , the King's Son Khaemwaset.

 Memphis Statuary
A. Black granite statue mentioning Khaemwaset's son Ramesses.
i. Dorsal Pillar, rear surface:
[An offering which the King gives to Pt]ah-Tatonen, father of the gods - namely all life, stability and prosperity, and health, and joy upon earth, along with a goodly burial - for the Iunmutef-priest who purifies the Per-Wer (shrine), Chief Directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
[An offering which the King gives to Sokar]-Osiris, Lord of the Shetayet shrine - namely assuming a place before the Gods, and justification in the great broad-hall,  for the Iunmutef-priest who directs the prophets, who knows what is in the temples, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
ii. Dorsal Pillar, right edge: [It is] his dear [son] who perpetuates his name - The King's Son, excellent in wisdom, upright in mind in every deed, great in his enlightenment at all times to maintain the offerings for his father, - the King's Son Ramesses, justified and venerated one.
iii. Dorsal Pillar, left edge: [...] excellent youth, pleasant in love, whom the Lord of Both Lands chose because of his character; pure of hands when he provides offerings for his father daily, the Osiris, Sem-Priest and King's Son, Khaemwaset, and his son, the King's Son, Ramesses.
Link to Global Egyptian Museum page with images of this statue. Quote:
This damaged naophorous statue of a high priest of Memphis was never finished. The front part of the statue, with the knees and part of the legs, has broken off where the naos begins. Also missing are the arms, the right shoulder and the head with the upper part of the back pillar. Traces of the first phase of polishing can be seen on the soles of the feet. The inscription reveals that this statue depicts the priest of Ptah and king's son Kha-em-wese and that it was dedicated by his son Ramesses. Perhaps this statue was erected unfinished, as it is the inscription, which really makes it complete.

B. Granite statue-base Vienna 3879+3880
Mentions:
Count, King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset,
<text omitted - "prayer and offerings to Ptah">
C. Statue-fragment, Bristol City Museum, H.5076

Mentions:
King's Son, Chief directing artisans and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset,
<text omitted - "prayer to Ptah?">
D. Shrine, Lethieullier Collection (1737)

Mentions:
King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset,
<text omitted - "hetep di nesu to Ptah" and "hetep di nesu to Sokar" - Text on shrine mentions a temple?>

Stela from Lower Egypt?
Scene: Goddess receives Prince or King.

Titles: Chief directing artisans, King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset,
<text omitted>  

Memphis, West Hall of Temple of Ptah.
Foundation deposit West of West Hall

i. Alabaster block:
Twice: Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, given life forever.
Twice: Sem-Priest of Ptah, King's Son, Khaemwaset.
ii. Faience Block: Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II.
iii. Black Granite Block: Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, <Lord of Crowns>, Ramesses II, given life forever.

 Red Granite Colossus, S. Gate of Ptah Precinct (Memphis)
Statue of Ramesses II with Prince Khaemwaset and Princess-Queen Bint-Anath.
<some text omitted>
Prince:
King's Son and Sem-Priest, Prophet of the Temple of Ramesses II in the domain of Ptah, Khaemwaset.
Princess-Queen:
King's Daughter and King's Wife, Bint-Anath

 Black granite Statue of the King, with sistrum
Inscriptions mention Hathor and Ihy. On the front-left Khaemwaset was mentioned.

 return



Restauration of Antiquities by Khaemwaset

Old Kingdom Statue of Kawab, restored by Khaemwaset. (JdE 40431)
i. Front: [Dynasty 4 text]

Right:Hereditary Prince, Bodily King's Son, Kawab
Left:
Hereditary Prince, He of the Curtain, Dignitary and Vizier (?), Kawab
Around Throne: It is the Chief Directing Artisans (=High Priest of Ptah in Memphis) and Sem-Priest, the King's Son,
Khaemwaset , who was glad over this statue of the King's Son Kawab, and who took it from what was cast (away) for debris (?), in [...] .. of his father, the King of South and North Egypt, Kheops. Then the S[em-Priest and King's Son, Kha]em[waset] decreed that [it be given] a place of favor of the Gods in company with the excellent Blessed Spirits at the Head of the Spirit (Ka) chapel of Ro-Setjau, -so greatly did he love antiquity and the noble folk who were aforetime, along with the excellence (of) all that they had made, so well, and repeatedly ("a million times").
These (things) shall be for (for) all life, stability and prosperity, enduring upon earth, [for the Chief Directing Artisans and Sem-Priest, the King's Son,
Kha]emwaset , after he has (re)established all their cult procedures of this temple, which had fallen into oblivion [in the remembrance] of men.
He has dug a pool before the noble sanctuary (?), in work (agreeing) with his wishes, while pure channels existed, for purity, and to bring libations from (?) the reservoir (?) of Khefren, that he may attain (the status of) 'given life'.

Restoration Texts
Old Kingdom Pyramids, etc.
A. Pyramid of Unis
B. Tomb of Shepseskaf
C. Sun-Temple of Neuserre
D. Pyramid of Sahure
E. Pyramid of Djoser
F. Pyramid of Userkaf

<text omitted> Khaemwaset has the titles Sem-Priest, the King's Son (B,C) and Chief Directing Artisans in most inscriptions?

Other Inscriptions on Old-Kingdom Monuments
A. Pyramid Temple of Userkaf
Scene of Offering Bearer and Priest; Between the figures: The King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset.
Lintel:
All life, stability, and prosperity (to/from) the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
B. Pyramid Temple of Sahure

Prince offers figure of Bast: Khaemwaset  <name engraved or copied as Wia-em-waset?>
C. Step pyramid of Djoser, South Mastaba-tomb

Graffito, Year 36 (After Firth/Quibell) <text omitted>

 return


Statues and other monuments



Bubastis
A Red Granite Statue of Ramesses II

[...] Chief of the Secrets in the God's Field [...]; [...] King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset.

 Giza (Kafr el-Batran)
Jamb:
Words spoken by the Iunmutef and High Priest of Ptah ("Chief of Artificers"), King's Son, Khaemwaset [...]
Shabti-figure (UCL 2344)
i. Down Front:
What(ever) comes forth upon the offering table before the Lord of the Sacred Territory, for the King's Son, Khaemwaset justified.
ii. Round Body:
illuminate, O Osiris Lord of Ro-Setjau, the King's Son and Sem-Priest, Khaemwaset justified <text omitted>

Cairo, Stela, Relief and Statues:
A. Relief, Commemoration in Late Period? Cairo 11735

Over Prince: By the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, hetep di nesu: a 1000 of bread; [...rest lost ...]

 B Limestone stela, fragment.
Count in Iat-Tjemut, Chief of Secrets in Ro-Setjau the King's Son and Sem-Priest
Khaemwaset, justified.

 C. Cairo CGC 1205 (Late Period?)
i. Base, left half:
[A hetep di nesu and Sokar, Lord of the Shheta]yet-shrine, namely reposing before the gods, - for the Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
ii. Base, right half:
[...]libations, wine, milk and every good thing for the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.

 D. Cairo CGC 1213 (Late Period?)
i. Base, left half:
[...] every good thing for the Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
ii. Base, right half:
[...fo]r(?) the Iunmutef-Priest, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
iii. Dorsal Pillar:
[...] forever.

 Brussels, Statue E.6721
Dorsal Pillar, twice: Horus: (to?) the Iunmutef-Priest, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset; may he give life, stability and prosperity [...]


Link to Global Egyptian Museum page. Quote:
This statue fragment portrays Khaemwaset, son of Ramesses II and Isisnefret, who was the high priest of Ptah at Memphis. He is often called the 'first archaeologist', and he restored a number of ancient tombs at Memphis and also constructed the Serapeum. He became especially important in the Graeco-Roman Period, and two demotic stories depict him as a master magician. The Brussels statue shows the prince standing, wearing an archaising wig and a false beard. He holds in his hands an indeterminate cult object. Two identical vertical columns of text on the back pillar tell us that the prince was here shown as the god Horus Iunmutef.

Brooklyn, Statue No. 36.615
i. At side: [? Spoken by] the Hereditary Prince, King's Son, Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset: "[O Chiefts] directing artisans, and 'heralds' of the Necropolis, [...] to the sky, to the (divine) Magnate, the primordial [one? ...]s of Nut, pregnant(?)...
ii. Dorsal Pillar: <text omitted>

Naos of Sokar(?), Tano Collection
<text omitted>
Titles: the Sem-Priest of Ptah and King's Son Khaemwaset, and
The Iunmutef-priest, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.

  

Statue group of Queen Isetnofret with Sons (Louvre 2272)
A "hetep-di-nesu" offering for the King's Son, Sem priest of Ptah, Khaemwaset and the royal scribe, Generalissimo and King's Son Ramesses, mentioning the Osiris Isetnofret.


Aswan Rockstela with Family
From Lepsius, Abt III, Band 7, Bl. 175

A. Upper Register: King, Isetnofret and Khaemwaset before Khnum.
i. Khnum:
Khnum, Lord of the Cataract.
ii. King:
Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II
iii. Queen:
Queen Isetnofret
iv. Prince:
King's Son, Iunmutef, Sem-Priest, Khaemwaset

B. Lower register: Princes Ramesses, Merneptah and Princess Queen Bint-Anath.
v. Prince Ramesses:
His elder brother, the Hereditary Prince, Royal Scribe, Generalissimo, King's Son, Ramesses.
vi. Princess-Queen:
His elder sister, King's Daughter and Great Royal Wife, Bint-Anath.
vii. Prince Merenptah:
His younger brother, the King's Son Merenptah.

 
Saqqara, Block of Khaemwaset. (Cairo JdE 40016)
An offering given by Hathor, Lady of the Southern Sycamore, Chief in the Western Desert, namely reposing in the arms of Nut, as one unique among her children, for the Iunmutef-priest, Counterpart of horus, champion of his father, hier of Osiris, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
(An offering) given by the living Apis, Atum and Horus together, namely reposing before the gods in the neighborhood of the living Apis, for the Iunmutef-priest in the abodes of Manu, the effective soul, the divine dignitary, the Sem-Priest and King's Son
Khaemwaset.

Head of Sem-priest - identified as Khaemwaset (Berlin)

  

Berlin head of Khaemwaset (?) (Photo courtesy if Sesen)

return



Fayum and Middle Egypt:

A. Fayum, Stela of year 32 (?) of Ramesses II (Cairo JdE 89060)
I. Front Face: King and Prince between Deities
i. Deity:
[...] residing in Ta-She
ii. King:
Usermaatre Setepenre   Ramesses II
iii. Deity:
Horus (?)
iv. Main text:
[Year] 32 under the King of North and South Egypt, Usermaatre Setepenre, Son of Re, Ramesses II, given life. So was created an image for his father, Great Green, by the Sem-Priest of Ptah and King's Son Khaemwaset, <text omitted>
II. Right edge:
Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, at rest amongst the offerings of the fields of [...]
III. Left edge
: Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, who traverses the marshes and hits the stt [...]
IV. Rear Face: Prince adores Nile-flood deity ('Great Green')

i. Prince:
Giving praise to Great Green, great god, Father of the Gods, by the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset.
ii. Deity:
I grant you every good thing that is in me - (so), Great Green.
iii. Main text:
<text omitted>
 
B.
Fayum, Medinet Madi, granite trapezoidal block
I. Front:
Prince and offering table. Behind Prince: [King's Son of] Ramesses II,  the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset, justi[fied].
II. Right Side and Rear
: [... who fashio]ed(?) him, purifier of the Per-Neser (shrine), the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, justified; may he live.
III. Left Side and Rear:
[... born of the] beautiful [...] beside Horus, she who adorns the Good god, Lady of Both Lands, Isetnofret, may (she) live.

 C. Fayum, Medinet Madi, lower half of statue. Milan, Castello Sforzesco.
i. On kilt:
[...]Ptah, in/with ... good ... for the spirit [of ...] the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaem<waset>, reposing [...]
ii. Dorsal Pillar:
[...] within/the house of his beauty, with(?) the august standard of/for the Iunmutef-priest, the Sem-Priest and King's Son [Khaemwaset, ...]
iii. Female figure at left side:
his bodily daughter, beloved of him, Isetnofret.

 D. Sheikh Mubarik, Near Minia, lower part of kneeling statue.
i. On Emblem (twice):
[...] for the Sem-Priest of Ptah and King's Son Khaemwaset.
ii. Dorsal Pillar: [Offering given by?] Hathor (to) Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest of Ptah and King's Son Khaemwaset.
iii. Base, left half: An offering given by Hathor, Lady of Cusae, namely a lifetime of great gladness, to the Iunmutef-priest, Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, <text omitted>
iv. Base, right half: An offering given by Hathor, Lady of Ro-Inet, namely eternity and everlasting (as) leading magnate (?), for the Iunmutef-priest, Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, <text omitted>

 E. Tihna el-Gebel, Statue-fragment
i. Front& Base, left half: [... may [Deity] give ... ?fav]our and love to the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset; <text omitted>
ii. Front& Base, right half: [...] ...within [...] for the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset; the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset he says:
" Hail Ihy, son of Hathor, whom the God's Mother has created, The Iunmutef beloved of Ptah, the Pillar of the Good god, radiant sacred image(?) of his father, great luminary (?) of the Temple of Ptah, for whom sacred offerings are provided and libations assigned for Ptah in his monument; (so)
the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
iii. Dorsal Pillar: <text omitted>

 
Statue from Abydos (BM 947)
Text round edge, on top of base, on the dorsal pillar and on two staffs. <text omitted>
Titles: Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset,
The Senior King's Son, his beloved, the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset,
The King's Son, Counterpart of Horus, and the Sem-Priest in the place/role of Iunmutef, Khaemwaset,
On right hand staff:
The good god, Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, the beloved of the Conclave of Gods which is in the Thinite Province.
On left hand staff:
Son of Re, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, [the beloved of] Osiris, Chief of the West.

 Statue from Karnak, Cairo CGC 42147
i. Top and front of Naos: Tatonen, mighty name;  Tatonen.
ii. Naos, right and front: [Gift of] Ptah-Tatonen from Ankh-tawy, to the King's Son of Usermaatre Setepenre, the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset, resting (in) life.
iii. Naos, right edge: [...] his father, purifier of the Per-Wer (shrine), Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, justified, resting (in) life.
iv. Naos, left edge: [...] his father, at the head of the Manu, Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
v. Naos, left and front: Gift of Ptah-Tatonen, namely joy and endurance upon earth, for the King's Son of [Ramesses II], [the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset], resting (in) life.
vi. Dorsal Pillar: <text omitted>; (for) Chief directing artisans, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, justified.
vii and viii. Base: <text omitted>

Silsila, Lesser records
A. Relief of Offerings for the Prince (Horemheb Speos)
Text above prince:
Sitting at table, making purification with natron and reading out the (funerary) menu, every good offering, for the King's Son of Usermaatre Setepenre, born of the Great Royal Wife, Isetnofret, the Sem-priest Khaemwaset.
Menu, officiants, etc.:
<text omitted>

B. Graffiti, Silsila Quarries: the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.

Bigeh Island, Three Graffiti:
All three read:
the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.

 return


 

Khaemwaset's Subordinates

I. Sunero, Superintendent of Cattle: letter from Sunero to the Sem-Priest of Ptah and King's Son Khaemwaset. (Papyrus I.368 Leiden)
II. Ramesses-em-Per-Amun, Steward and Treasurer of Khaemwaset
: From a Naophorus Statue of Ramesses-em-Per-Amun from Saqqara. The inscription on the statue mentions the King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset.
III. Aty, Sealbearer of the God and God's Father.
From canopic jars presented by the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, to Aty.
IV. Aya, Servant of the Sem-Priest Khaemwaset.
Travelled with Khaemwaset to proclaim the 4th Jubilee (Year 40). From Graffiti in West Silsila.
V. Pay, Scribe of Accounts.
Travelled with Khaemwaset to proclaim the 4th Jubilee. From Graffiti in West Silsila.
VI. Ramose, Servant of the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
Travelled with Khaemwaset to proclaim the 4th (?) Jubilee. From West Silsila Speos, Khaemwaset's South and North Niche.

Ship's Log Year 52 (Papyrus Leiden I 350)
Several letters to the Sem-Priest are mentioned:

A letter carried by the retainer Sekhayi-em-ioti,
A letter carried by the scribe Hor-tenro,
A letter carried by the Officer of the Horse Amenemwia,
A letter carried by the retainer Huy,
A letter carried by the retainer Meri-Mennufer.
A list of men of the Sem-Priest of Ptah, the King's Son Khaemwaset, was carried by the Chief of Retainers of the Sem-Priest Heqanufer:
Nakhtamun called ..., sailor of the Sem-Priest
Hatiay son of Khaemope, sailor of the Sem-Priest
Pantaweret called Penyanufer, sailor of the Sem-Priest
Dalagti, son of Ray, sailor of the Sem-Priest

return


Minor Objects:

A. Red Sandstone Foundation Deposit block (Memphis?)
Rear: Sem-Priest of Ptah,King's Son
Khaemwaset,
B. Canopic Jar fragment, Saqqara magazines, S.11056
<text omitted>.. the Osiris, Iunmutef-priest, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset,
C. Amulet UCL 12796
Osiris, Lord of Ro-Setjau, Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset.
D. Shabti Figure, Vatican Museum No.19176
<text omitted>.. the Osiris, Iunmutef-priest, the Sem-Priest and King's Son Khaemwaset, <text omitted>
E. Shabti Figure, Vatican Museum No.19332
Hereditary Prince and Count, King's Son and Sem-Priest of Ptah Khaemwaset,
F. Shabti Figure, Louvre E.917
Hereditary Prince, eminent in Ro-Setjau, Count and Counterpart of Horus, King's Son and Sem-Priest of Ptah Khaemwaset, justified. <text omitted>
G. Shabti Figure seen by Lepsius
The Osiris, King's Son and Sem-priest, Khaemwaset, born of the Great Royal Wife Isetnofret.;    The Sem-priest of Ptah and King's Son, Khaemwaset, born of the Great Royal Wife Isetnofret.

H. Shabti Figure, Berlin 326
Illuminate the Osiris, King's Son and Sem-Priest Khaemwaset, justified
I. Shabti Figure, Berlin 306
King's Son and Sem-Priest
Khaemwaset, justified in peace.

 return


Link to insecula: http://www.insecula.com/contact/A004117.html
There are several items from different musea listed:
Mask found in Serapeum in Saqqara (now in the Louvre, Paris)
Statue of Khaemwaset as standard bearer (now in the British museum)
Khaemwaset as a priest (relief in the Louvre)
Amulets and shabtis found at the Serapeum, thought to belong to Khaemwaset. (Scroll down on the page - from the Louvre)





Last edited: January 2007





Comments: email barta@slu.edu