Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart





Kings and Queens

4th dynasty

11th dynasty


12th dynasty


18th dynasty
Ahmose
        Queen Ahmose-Nefertari
Amenhotep I
Tuthmosis I
Tuthmosis II
Queen Hatshepsut
        Princess Neferure
Tuthmosis III
        Queen Sitiah
        Queen Merytre-Hatshepsut
Amenhotep II
Tuthmosis IV
      Queen Iaret
      Queen Mutemwia
Amenhotep III
      Queen Tiye
      Queen Sitamen
Akhenaten
      Queen Nefertiti
      inscriptions Queen Nefertiti
      Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
      Queen Meritaten
Tutankhamen
      Queen Ankhesenamen
Aye
Horemheb


19th dynasty
Ramesses I
Sety I
Queen Mut-Tuya,
Ramses II
Queens
    Queen Nefertari
     Queen Isetnofret  
     Queen Bint-Anath  
     Queen Merytamen  
     Queen Henutmire
     Queen Nebettawy
     Queen Maathorneferure    Princes
    Prince Amenhirkhepeshef
    Prince Ramesses
    Prince Prehirwenemef
    Prince Khaemwaset
    Prince Montuhirkhepeshef
    Prince Mery-Amen
    Prince Sety
    Prince Mery-Atum
Temples - Ramesses II
Merneptah
Seti II, Amenmesse,
Siptah, and Tawosret 


20th dynasty

Sethnakht
Ramesses III

Ramesses IV - XI


Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period




Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35

Mentuhotep III Sankhare

Horus name: Seankhtawyef
Nebty name: Seankhtawyef
Golden Falcon name: Hetep
Prenomen: Sankhkare
Nomen: Mentuhotep

Burial place: Thebes (?)




Osiride statue of the 11th dynasty phraoah Mentuhotep III,
restored and reinscribed by the 19th dynasty pharaoh Merneptah.
Made of sandstone, from Armant.
Originally from circa 2061-1991 B.C., re-inscription from 1293-1185 B.C.
Now residing in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
(from wikimedia commons - Keith Schengili-Roberts)

Son of Mentuhotep Nebhepetre

Wife: ?



Building Program:

Abydos:  A small limestone temple was erected to replace a much older Old Kingdom mud-brick structure.

Deir el-Bahari:  The King started the construction of a mortuary temple at the southern eld of Deir el-Bahari, near the temple of his father. Little is left of this temple. Even though the temple may not have been completed, it seems that the king's funerary cult functioned at the temple and that the king's burial was accomplished.

Elephantine: A chapel (limestone?). One block shows the king offering to some god.

Erment: An alabaster building block shows the King's horus name and his prenomen. A piece of a limestone relief shows the king dancing before Udo.

Thebes: In Karnak an alabaster statuette depicts the King of Upper and Lower Egypt Mentuhotep Sankhare.

On Thoth hill the king constructed a temple dedicated to Horus. There is  a columned Sed festival building nearby, but the temple itself was dedicated to Horus. The temple may have already suffered some distruction at the end of the 11th dynasty due to an earthquake.

Tod: Mentuhotep III Sankhare contributed much to the temple of Montu. One scene which has survived shows Montu and his wife Tenenet crowning Mentuhotep Sankhare.

 



Officials from this time period

Henu, Chief Treasurer, Wearer of the Royal Seal, Sole Companion, Steward. Known from a Hammamat Inscription detailing an expedition to Punt in year 8.
Henenu
, Great steward. (TT313).
Intef,
Treasurer of the King of Lower Egypt. Son of Meketre.
Ipi
, Governor of the town and Vizier, Judge. (TT315).
Meketre
, Chief Steward, Chancellor. (TT 280)  His son Intef is mentioned in the tomb.
This tomb contained many models:
In the Cairo Museum: Two canoes with draw-net, Boat with paddles, and Meketre and son Antef under canopy, sailing-boat with Meketre under canopy, Kitchen tender, Sailing-boat with wicker cabin, Sailing-boat, house in garden, Carpenter's shop, Spinning and weaving, Inspection of cattle, Female offering-bringer with drink.
In the MMA, New York: Rowing-boat with musicians and kitchen tender, Rowing-boat, Sailing boat with Meketre and son Antef under canopy, Boat with paddles, Boat with paddles, men harpooning fish, and Meketre and son Antef seated on deck, Female offering-bringer with food, Four male and female offering bringers in procession, Cattle in stable, Slaughterhouse, Granary, Brewers and Bakers, House in garden.

Senwosret
, Divine Father. Shown following the king in an inscription in Karnak. Winlock has him as the son of Mentuhotep Sankhare. If so, he probably died before his father did.
Wah:
Steward of Meketre. Buried in the forecourt of Meketre's tomb.




Bibliography

  1. Breasted, J.H., Ancient Records of Egypt, Vol I, The First through the Seventeenth Dynasties, 2001 (originally appeared in 1906)
  2. Dodson, A., Hilton, D., The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, 2004.
  3. Wilkinson R.H., The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, 2000.
  4. Winlock, H.E., The Eleventh Egyptian Dynasty, JNES, 1943
  5. http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/chronology/mentuhotepIII.html




Comments: email barta@slu.edu