Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart




 

Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

6th dynasty
Teti, Userkare, Pepi I, Nemtyemsaf I, Pepi II, Nitocris, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III


18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.


19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty
Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI

25th dynasty
Alara, Kashta, Piye,
Shabaka, Shabataka,
Taharqa, Tanutamun, etc.

Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period



 

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

 
Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

 
Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary
 

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35



Links




Teti



Horus name: Sehetep-tawy
Nebty name: Sehetep-nebty
Golden Falcon name: Bik-nub-djema
Nomen: Teti


Burial place: Pyramid at Saqqara
 
Teti was likely the son of a Queen named Sesheshet. Sesheshet's title of King's Mother points to her being a royal mother. It is not known who Teti's father was. His predecessor was King Unas. A pyramid thought to have belonged to Sesheshet was found in Saqqara. In 2008 Hawass stated that this pyramid may have belonged to Teti's mother. More excavations are needed to establish this claim however.

Teti had several wives. From the excavations of their pyramids it appears that Queen Khuit may have been Teti's first Queen. Some have speculated that she may hahve been Userkare's mother. Later in Teti's reign Queen Iput I became more prominent. Iput I was Pepi I's mother and this Queen is better known than her predecessor Khuit. It is possible that a Queen named Khent or Khentkaues also played a role at court. A queen referred to as "Weret-Imtes" is known from a inscription from Wenis. This queen may have been at the center of a scandal in the harem. "Weret-Imtes" may not have been her personal name, but a reference to a queen by one of her titles.

Wives:


Iput I
Daughter of Unas. Buried in a pyramid near the pyramid of Teti at Saqqara. Mother of Pepi I.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Mother of the pyramid Mennefer-Pepy (mwt-niswt-mn-nfr-ppy), Mother of the Dual King (mwt-niswt-biti), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Daughter of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt (s3t-niswt-biti), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f), God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr), This God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr-wt), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)
The burial chamber contained a limestone sarcophagus, a cedar coffin. Remains of a middle aged woman were found. Some of her funerary equipment has survived. Therse include canopic vessels, a headrest, a gold bracelet and other items. (Verner).

Khuit
Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)
Buried in pyramid north of the pyramid of Teti. The Queen had a small pyramid with a pink granite sarcophagus and a mortuary temple associated with her funerary complex.
Jonosi and Callender thought this queen could be the mother of king Userkare. (Verner)

Khent[kaues III] ?
Possibly the mother of Userkare and perhaps a wife of Teti.
Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt) Known from a relief of Pepi I's mortuary temple. She may have been buried in a mastaba. (Dodson-Hilton)

Weret-Imtes?
A queen mentioned in the autobiography of Wenis. It may be a reference to the title of the queen instead of her personal name. She was involved in a harem plot to overthrow Pepi, but apparently was caught before she succeeded. In the tomb of the official Wenis there is mention of “a secret charge in the royal harem against the Great of Sceptre”.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes)


A lot of the information here comes from Grajetzki and Dodson Hilton. For more details, images, some background information and a bibliography please consult these two works (see below)

Royal Children

Sons:
  • Pepi I
  • Userkare?
  • Teti-ankh-kem

Daughters:
  • Seshseshet Watet-khet-her. Married to the Vizier Mereruka
  • Nebty-nubkhet Sesheshet (D) Married to the Vizier Kagemni<>
  • Inti? There is some debate as to wether Inti is a daughter of Teti or a daughter of Pepy I. It seems a bit more likely that Inti was Pepi's sister. Some have speculated that Inti was the mother of Queen Inenek-Inti. An alternative theory states that Inti could be a daughter of Pepi I and Inenek-Inti. I'm not sure why it has not been suggested that Inti could be the daughter of Teti and was given the name Inenek-Inti after her marriage to her brother Pepy I.


Courtiers

Khnumenti
Son of Senedjemib Inti, He appears to have carried on his father’s duties under Teti.
His titles include: favorite of the king, favorite of the king in all works of his, overseer of the two workshops, overseer of the two houses of gold, overseer of the two treasuries, overseer of the six great (law) courts, overseer of scribes of royal records, overseer of the two granaries, overseer of all works of the king, hereditary prince, master of secrets of every command of the king, in[spector of priests] of the pyramid “Enduring are the places of the Son of Re Teti”, chief justice and vizier”

Nefer good name Idu  
Dated to the early part of Dyn. 6 Chief Justice and Vizier, etc. (tomb G 5550 in Giza)
Wife, Hemtre Prophetess of Neith Opener-of-the-Ways.

Hesi
Vizier under Teti (maybe Unas?) – figure and name erased from Mastaba.

Neferseshemre / Sheshi
Vizier dated to early / mid Teti

Kagemni
Vizier. Son in Law of Teti, Married to Princess Nebtynubkhet Sesheshet Also High Priest of Re and Stolist of Min
(A History of Ancient Egypt By Nicolas-Christophe Grimal - pg66)

Mehu
Vizier. Wife was Ankhemerire? His son was Hetepka. Mehu was buried in Saqqara and has been dated to the time of Teti. He may have been connected to Kagemni?

Mereruka
Vizier. Son in Law of Teti, Married to Princess Sesheshet Watetkhetor
Also High Priest of Re and Stolist of Min

Ankhmahor / Sesi
Vizier, dated mid Teti to Pepi I. Overseer of the Great House, and First under the King. Buried in Saqqara. His tomb is incorrectly known as the tomb of the physicians.

Inumin
Vizier, dated end Teti to Pepi I

Kaaper
Possibly Vizier, dated end Teti to Pepi I

Khentika
Last Vizier under Teti, possibly early Pepy

Harkhuf   Reign of Pepi I, Merenre and Pepi II
Count, sole companion, ritual priest, chamber-attendant, judge attached to Nekhen, wearer of the royal seal, caravan conductor. privy councilor of all affairs of the South, favorite of his lord
He was the son of a man called Iri.
mentioned in the tomb are Sabni, also called Ni'ankh-Pepi and Djemi, also called Mesni.
http://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/assouan/khoui_herkouf/e_khoui_herkouf.htm
http://www.manetho.de/nekropolen/qubbet/qh_034n.htm
http://nefertiti.iwebland.com/texts/harkhuf.htm




Resources:

1. Ancient Egyptian Queens: A Hieroglyphic Dictionary by Wolfram Grajetzki  link to amazon.com  listed at $35  Fall 2008 Golden House Publications (December 28, 2005) ISBN-10: 0954721896 ISBN-13: 978-0954721893

2. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt: A Genealogical Sourcebook of the Pharaohs by by Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton  link to amazon.com Listed at ca $35 Fall 2008
Thames & Hudson (October 30, 2004)  ISBN-10: 0500051283   ISBN-13: 978-0500051283

3. Conspiracies in the Egyptian Palace: Unis to Pepy I by Naguib Kanawati
Routledge; 1 edition (December 13, 2002)   ISBN-10: 041527107X   ISBN-13: 978-0415271073

4. The Complete Pyramids: Solving the Ancient Mysteries by Mark Lehner
Thames & Hudson (April 28, 2008) ISBN-10: 0500285470  ISBN-13: 978-0500285473

5. The Pyramids: The Mystery, Culture, and Science of Egypt's Great Monuments by Miroslav Verner and Steven Rendall
Grove Press (October 15, 2002)  ISBN-10: 0802139353  ISBN-13: 978-0802139351




Comments: email barta@slu.edu