Tuthmosis III (Menkheperre)
Horus name: Kanakht Khaemwaset
Nebty name: Wahnesyt
Golden Falcon name: Djeserkhau
Tuthmosis III was the son of Thutmosis II (Akheperenre) and Queen Isis.
Queen Isis was not a high ranking woman at court. She was given the
title of Great King’s Wife by her son, and the title of God's Wife
after her death. Isis is known from a beautiful statue.
Isis is also depicted on a pillar in the tomb of her son Tuthmosis III
(see below). She is shown standing behind him in a papyrus boat. She is
identified as the mother of the King, Isis. Her name is interestingly
enough not written in a cartouche.
Right below this scene is another showing Tuthmosis with his wives and
a daughter. Next to that is a scene showing Isis in the form of a tree
suckling the young Tuthmosis. In this case there is a play on names and
the goddess Isis seems to be linked with Queen Isis the mother of the
Tuthmosis had a half-sister named Neferure. She was the daughter of
Tuthmosis' step-mother and co-regent.
Tuthmosis III had quite few wives:
- Merytre (-Hatshepsut), King’s Great
Wife, King’s Mother. She was the daughter of the Divine Adoratrix Huy.
Many of her representations were reused by her daughter in law Tiaa.
Her disgrace under her grandson is suggested by the apparent
non-use of her tomb in the Valley of the Kings (KV 42). Titles:
Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Sole One, Great
of Praises (wrt-hzwt-w’tit), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt),
of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw),
King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), God’s Wife (hmt-ntr), God’s
- Satiah Great Wife, King’s Wife and
King’s Great Wife. She was the daughter of the royal nurse Ipu. Titles:
King’s Wife (hmt-nisw),
Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), God’s Wife (hmt-ntr).
- Nebtu King’s Wife. Represented in her
husband’s tomb. Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)
- Neferure King’s Daughter, Great Wife
and King’s Great Wife. She was the daughter of Hatshepsut and Thutmosis
II. She was possibly married to Thutmosis III (her half brother). She
may have been buried in the Wadi Qubbet el Qurud in Thebes.
Titles: King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt),
God’s Wife (hmt-ntr),
Possibly: Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), Mistress of Upper
Lower Egypt (hnwt-Shm’w T3-mhw).
- Menwi, Merti and Menhet. King’s Wives.
Probably daughters of a Syrian chieftain. They shared a tomb in Thebes
which is known for the treasures it contained. Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw)
- Nebsemi: Queen mentioned on a fragment of a statue
the funerary temple of Tuthmosis III. She may have been one of his
wives. Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw
At the top: Tuthmosis and his
Below: Tuthmosis followed by
Queens Merytre, Sitiah, Nebtu and his daughter Nefertari.
Tuthmosis had 4 known sons:
(Some of this information comes from:
Crown Prince Djhutmose and the Royal Sons of the
Eighteenth Dynasty by Aidan Dodson, The Journal of Egyptian
Archaeology, Vol. 76. (1990), pp. 87-96.)
- Amenhotep (II)
followed his father on the throne at age 18. Depicted as prince in the
tomb of Min, Mayor of Thinis (TT 109)
held the title of Eldest King’s Son, he was appointed Overseer of
(mentioned at Karnak - south side of Festival Hall - in yr 24). Dorman
has suggested that Amenemhat was a son of Neferure, but there is no
conclusive evidence for the identity of his mother.
- Siamun. Named upon
statuette CG 1112
Depicted upon British Museum statuette EA I 280, where he leads two
princesses called Meryetamun and Isis
Daughters: Beketamen, Nefertiry, Nebetiunet, Merytamen, Iset
Ptah Temple at Karnak
Djeser-Akhet. The temple of Amen built at Deir el
Bahari directly to the south of Hatshepsut’s temple Djeser Djeseru.
Djeser Akhet was built on a raised terrace and approached by a broad
causeway and ramp. It was originally similar in design to the temple of
Hatshepsut. It was built
on higher ground and must have dominated Hatshepsut’s temple as it’s
no doubt intended. [Tyldesley]
Hall of Annals at Karnak. Thutmosis completely
dismanteled the Chapelle Rouge built under the direction of Hatshepsut.
Hatshepsut’s image where attacked on the blocks from the Chapelle
Rouge. The erasures seem
rather random and incomplete. Either the attack was stopped, or more
the erasure did not take place until after the Chapelle Rouge had been
and the blocks had been put in storage. [Tyldesley]
The following photographs are form Jon Bodsworth's site http://www.egyptarchive.co.uk/
I have included some of his descriptions of the scenes as they explain
Two fragments of fallen
obelisks bearing the cartouche of Tuthmosis III.
The obelisk on the right was
originally erected by Hatshepsut.
"The obelisk of Hatshepsut
viewed from beside the Sanctuary with the Hall of Records of Tuthmose
III in between." (J.B.)
"A pillar in Tuthmose III's
Hall of Records. Made of granite it bears a Paprus plant symbol of
Lower Egypt." (J.B.)
"The so-called Annals of
Tuthmoses III show him standing before offerings made after foriegn
campaigns. The offerings include gold bracelets, precious stones and
alabaster jars filled with ungents." (J.B.)
"The two pillars erected by
They represent Lower Egypt on
the left with a Papyrus and Upper Egypt on the right with a Lotus."
"Tuthmoses III holding a Hedj
Club and a Sekhem Scepter stands before two obelisks which he had
erected at Karnak." (J.B.)
"A statue probably of Tuthmose
III near the 6th Pylon." (J.B.)
"Inside Tuthmose III's Great
Festival Temple which lies beyond an area of Middle Kingdom ruins. The
columns are unique with an inverted calyx capital in the form of a tent
"A close up of one of the
unusal column capitals in Tuthmoses III's Great Festival Temple.
Original colour shows some of the decoration." (J.B.)
"Many different plants, animals
and birds are represented in the reliefs in Tuthmose III 'Botanical
Even more scenes from the
The line drawings were added (by J.B.) to bring out the detail in these
See this site for more great photographs of the 'Botanical Garden':
See also this site by Nofret (Carla):
South facade of the 7th Pylon.
Tuthmose III is shown twice standing above vanquished enemies,
which name conquered cities appearing in the text.
A close up of Queen Hatshepsut's 'Red Chapel' shows that the
monument also bears the cartouche of Tuthmose III.
Tombs from the time of Tuthmosis III
KV 20 - Tuthmosis I
, 18th dynasty. Perhaps
the eldest royal tomb in the King's Valley.
KV 20 had been designed and prepared by the architect Ineni for
I. Hatshepsut later extended the tomb to accommodate a double burial.
body of Thutmes I was later moved to KV 38, during the reign of Thutmes
Hatshepsut's burial was left in KV 20.
KV 33 - [...]
, 18th dynasty. Time of Tuthmosis III.
KV 34 - Tuthmosis III
, 18th dynasty.
, 18th dynasty. Possibly a royal tomb dating
to the time
of Tuthmosis III.
KV 38 - Tuthmosis I
, 18th dynasty. Possibly
the reign of Tuthmosis III for the reburial of Tuthmosis I.
KV 42 - Merytre-Hatshepsut
, wife of Tuthmosis III,
18th dynasty. KV 42 may have been reused by Sennefer, mayor of Thebes,
Senetnay, his wife, and Baketra, the "king's adornment," during the
reign of Amenhetep II
18th dynasty. Possibly time of Tuthmosis
In Thebes many of
the courtiers from the time Tuthmosis were buried. Here is a selected
list giving some idea of the wide range of officials buried in the
Theban Necropolis during this time. I have left out some of the lower
ranking overseers and workers, because the list becomes too long. See
also: Theban Tombs Page.
Djehuty, Overseer of
treasury, temp Hatshepsut - Tuthmosis III
Mayor of Qusiya (Aphroditopolis)
Wah, cupbearer of
the king (Royal Butler)
Nebamun, steward of the
king's wife Nebtu.
Amenmose, Captain of
troops, Eyes of the King in the Two Lands of the Retenu, Temp Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep II
User,Governor of the town and Vizier.
Amenemwaskhet, Overseer of
Horemheb, Scribe of
recruits, Temp. Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep III. Tutor of Princess
Amenmipet. Master of the Horse.
Menkheper(raseneb), Overseer of
granary, wab-priest in the mortuary temple of Tuthmosis III, Temp.
III - Amenhotep II
Ineni, Overseer of
granary in the Amun domain, Temp. Amenhotep I - Tuthmosis III
Scribe,Accountant of grain of Amun, Steward of the Vizier.
Amenthu called Ahmose, Governor of
Town and Vizier.
Amunedjeh, First herald
the king, Overseer of the gate.
Amenemheb called Mahu , Commander of
soldiers, Temp. Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep II
TT86. Menkheperraseneb, High priest of
Amun, Temp. Tuthmosis III High Priest of Amun, Superintendent of the
Gold and silver treasuries, Chief of the Overseers of Craftsmen
Minnakht, Overseer of
granaries of Upper and Lower Egypt, Overseer of horses of the Lord of
Two Lands, Royal scribe.
Pehsukher called Tjenenu, Lieutenant of
the King, Standard-bearer of Pharaoh, Temp. Tuthmosis
III - Amenhotep II
Kaemheribsen, Third prophet
of Amun, Temp. Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep II (?)
Sennefer(i), treasurer, Overseer
Rekhmira, vizier, Temp.
Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep II
Min, mayor of Tjeny
(Thinis), Overseer of the prophets of Onuris, Tutor of Amenhotep II.
Djehuty, cupbearer of
the king, herald of the king,Temp. Hatshepsut - Tuthmosis III
Menkheperraseneb, High priest of
TT121. Ahmose, first
lector-priest of Amun. First Lector
Priest of Amun, followed subsequently by Second Prophet of Amun-Ra in
the great temple at Karnak (i.e., no. 2 high priest), and God's Father,
of the God (a mid-level grade of priest). On his funerary cones, Ahmose
also bears the title First Prophet in Henqet-ankh, i.e., high
priest in the mortuary temple of King Thutmose III.
User or Useramen, vizier, Temp.
Tuthmosis III The aged Vizier
Amethu (User's father) is shown with chamberlain, courtiers and User as
a scribe before Tuthmosis III, and a text of the installation of User
Nebamun, overseer of
granary of Amun, Counter of grain, iny of the God's
Intef, Great herald
the king, Temp. Hatshepsut -Tuthmosis III
Mentiywy, Royal Butler,
child of the nursery, Temp. Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep II (?)
Dedi, Governor of the
deserts on the wet of Thebes, Head of the troops of Pharaoh, Temp.
III- Amenhotep II
Thutmose, Royal Butler,
Temp. Tuthmosis III (?) - Amenhotep II (?)
Ahmose Humay, Overseer of
estate of the God's Wife, Overseer of the double granaries of the God's
Ahmose-Nefertary Temp. Tuthmosis III - Hatshepsut
name unknown, High priest of
Penhat, Overseer for
all the Northern Lands, Temp. Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep II (?)
Ahmose, Scribe of
divine writings, Child of the nursery, Head of the mysteries in the
House of the morning.
prince, Herald of the king.
Benia called Paheqamen, Overseer of
works, child of the nursery, early 18th Dynasty Possibly
Nebseny, Overseer of
goldsmiths of Amun, Overseer of all works silver and gold.
Nehy, Viceroy of
Nubia, Governor of the South Lands.
Important Court Officials
Amethu, called Ahmose,
of the information below comes from Cline and O'Connor's Thutmose III, A new Biography. More
specifically from: Administration in
the reign of Thutmose III - by Betsy Bryan (pg 69 - 122). For
more detail one should consult this text.
It seems impossible to separate Tutmosis' reign from that of
Hatshepsut. Tuthmosis was the sole ruler for the first ca 5 -7 years
with Hatshepsut no doubt playing an influential role in the background.
Between year 5 and year 7 Hatshepsut takes on pharaonic titles and
changes from regent to co-regent. Hatshepsut is effectively co-King of
Egypt until year 22 of Thutmosis' reign. I have included some of
these early court officials.
First of the Northern Viziers during the coregency period. Not much is
known about Amethu. He held the office of Vizieer until ca. Year 5 when
he was succeeded by Useramen. Amethu was buried in TT83 and we learn
something about his immediate family from the inscriptions. His wife
was named Ta-amethu. They had several children,most of whom rose to
prominent positions at Tuthmosis’ court. His son Useramen also served
as Vizier, and it is possible that the northern vizier Neferweben was
also a son of Amethu.. Amenhotep served as Overseer of the Magazine of
Amun,, Akheperkare served as Priest of Monthu, and Amenmose (?) was a
scribe in the treasury of Amen.
called User) became vizier in ca year 5 and served until year 33 or 34
when he was secceeded by his nephew Rekhmire. Hence a large part of
Useramen’s tenure took place during the reign of Hatshepsut. Useramen
had two tomb in the Theban Necropolis: TT 61 and TT131. The two tombs
have complementary decorations. Useramen was a son of Amenthu and
Ta-Amenthu. According to inscriptions in one of his tombs,
Useramun served as deputy Vizier when his father Amenthu got old.
Useramun was married to Thuiu and had several children. Men carrying
the title “son” include Sa-Menkhet, scribe of the seal of the god,
Merimaat,priest and scribe of Amun, Mery, priest of Amun in Djeser
Djeseru, Manenemhet, wab priest of Amun, and Userhet (no title for the
latter). Ladies with the title of daughter include: two Ahmoses,
Amenemwhesket, Amenemheb, Baket, Henut and Seniseneb.
Rekhmire, Mayor and
Rekhmire held office in or before year 34 when he is known to have been
responsible for grain deliveries. Rekhmire was the grandson of Amethu
and the nephew of Useramun. Rekhmire was the son of a wab priest of
Amun named Neferweben. It is possible that his father is identical to
the northern vizier Neferweben, but this identification is not certain.
Rekhmire was buried in TT100, which is quite famous for the
representations of the officie of vizier. The texts include the “Duties
of the Vizier” and the “Installation of Vizier” texts.
On the long, eastern wall of the chapel we first find paintings of
Rekhmire's sons, including Menkeperreseneb, Amenophis and Senusert, in
the presence of Rekhmire and his wife Meryt. His sons are likely
named Menkeperreseneb, Amenhotep, Senusert, Mery, Neferweben and
Neferweben, Governor of
the Town and Vizier[Griffith Inst.] Married to Bet.
Neferweben was Vizier of the North and is known from a statue in the
temple of Ptah. Two canopic jars belonging to Neferweben have been
identified. We do not know however where he was buried.
This northern vizier is known from a statue from the funerary temple of
Tuthmosis III. A false door, a palette and a cubit rod are displayed in
Leiden, the Louvre and Leiden respectively. It’s generally assumed that
Ptahmose was buried in Saqqara, but his tomb has not been identified.
Viceroy of Nubia and overseers of foreign
Amenmose, Captain of
troops, Eyes of the King in the Two Lands of the Retenu, Served Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II; Wife: Henuttaui. TT42
Penhat, Overseer for
all the Northern Lands, Served Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II? Wife: Hetepi.
Djehuti, Overseer of
northern foreign countries, etc., son of Amenmosi and Isoneb. [Griffith
Inebni (or Ini(anti) ) Viceroy
Believed by some to be the Viceroy during the early years. (Hibachi
Amenemnekhu – Viceroy of
Known to be in office in year 18
Nehi, Viceroy of Kush
(second half of reign), Governor of the South Lands TT - D1
Evidence shows he was in office in years 23 and 25.
Stewards and Palace Officials
Chief Steward to Queen Hatshepsut. Not an individual serving Tuthmosis
III, but Senenmut would have been an individual whom Tuthmosis would
have known very well growing up.
Served during the co-regency of Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis. Is known to
have corresponded with the overseer of the seal Ty.
Kenna – Chief Steward of
Likely followed Wadjet-Renpet in office. Shown in an inscription behind
the overseer of the seal Senneferi.
Nebamun, steward of the
king's wife Nebtu.
Son of Tetires and Ipu. Married to the lady Resti. Buried in TT24
Kenamun –Royal Butler,
Mayor of Memphis
Is known to have served as royal butler. Buried in an unknown tomb in
Neferperet – Royal Butler
clean of hands, child of the kap.
Known from astatue from Karnak to have served Tuthmosis on a campaign
to retenu. The statue lists some of his rewards. He showed both the
Tuthmosis and Queen Merytre on his stelaphorous statue.
Montu-iywy, Royal Butler,
child of the nursery,
Son of the Lady Hepu. Buried in Thebes in TT172. Accompanied Tuthmosis
III to the Levant and crossed the Euphrates. Started his career as a
servant of the royal apartments (ipt nsw). May have become a royal
butler during the reign of Amenhotep II, but is known to have served
Djehuty, royal butler,
Son of Pesediri and Keku; Wife: Bakt TT110
Tati, Royal Butler
Tentatively dated to the time of Tuthmosis III. Buried in TT154
Wah, Royal Butler,
Overseer of the Ruyt
Buried in TT22
Iamnedjeh – First Royal
Herald, Controller of the Works, Overseer of the Granaries and Overseer
of the Ruyt.
Intef - Royal Herald,
Wearer of the Royal Seal, Sole Companion, Favorite of the Good God.
A stela of Intef lists the duties of a royal heralds, and they include
following: manage formalities and ceremonies of the court and palace. ;
Communicate messages of people and affairs of the land to the King. ;
Manager of the judgement
hall, or general administrative offices of the Pharaoh. [Breasted]
Intef was buried in TT155. In the tomb his brother Ahmose and son Teti
Thutmose, Royal Herald,
Son of the lady Tabenert, married to Tepihu. Buried in TT342
Si-Bastet – Royal Barber
Si-Bastet dedicated a statue in year 27. On the statue he mentions
going on a campaign with Pharaoh Tuthmosis III. The statue records how
a slave Amen-iywy was made barber at the temple of Bubastis and married
a blind niece of Si-Bastet.. A petition was made to ensure access to
Other Government Officials
Ahmose called Pennekhbet
- Overseer of the Seal
This official is mainly known as an army official whose career goes
back all the way to the reign of Ahmose and as a tutor of the princess
Neferure. Ahmose called Pennekhbet also held the title of Overseer of
the seal and may have served as treasurer for a short time.
This well-known courtier held the title of Overseer of the Seal as well
as many others. He was also overseer of the gold and silver houses.
Senenmut may have held this position only for as short time under
Tuthmosis and into the regency of Hatshepsut.
In year 9 of Tuthmosis (and hence fairly soon after Hatshepsut takes on
pharaonic titles) Nehesy is Overseer of the Seal. Nehesy is known to
have been responsible for the organization of the expedition to Punt.
Nehesy’s tomb was discovered in Saqqara by Alain Zivie.
Ty, Chief treasurer
Ty started as Overseer of the Seal during the coregency of Hatshepsut.
Ty was in office at least from year 12 to year 25. Ty is known from
inscriptions from years 12 and 18 referring to Nubian campaigns of
Hatshepsut. In year 25 Ty left a lengthy inscription inn the Sinai
praising Tuthmosis III.
and Mayor of Thebes
Senneferi was Overseer of the seal in the reign of Thutmose III. He was
the owner of TT
99. He is also known from a statue in the British museum. His wife
Taiamu is depicted in TT99. Senneferi was the son of Haydjehuty -
overseer of the bureau of Watet-Hor – and Satdjehuty – a royal
ornament. Senneferi held several offices . He was superior of the
overseers of the storehouses, overseer of the seal, mayor, overseer of
several deities including Sobek and Anubis, chief of mayors, overseer
of the fields of Amun, mayor of Akhmim and overseer of the Priests of
Min in Coptos. In his tomb Senneferi is shown making a trip to Byblos
in Lebanon to bring back Cedar trees.
Min Overseer of the Seal,
great chief in Upper Egypt and judge in Lower Egypt
Overseer of the Seal during the latter years of Tuthmosis III. His son
Sobekhotep would later hold the same office under Tuthmosis IV. Min
must have been buried in Thebes as funerary cones were found there, but
the location of his tomb is at present unknown.
Lower ranking positions:
treasurer, Continued to serve under Amenhotep II.Parents: Ahmose
(Overseer of the pool (?) of the king of Lower Egypt, Scribe) and Neh.
TT C3:This tomb is the resting place of Sennefer's (TT99) daughter
Renena and her husband Amenhotep. ('deputy of the overseer of
Djehuty, overseer of the
treasury, overseer of the silver houses, overseer of the gold houses
Son of the Lady Dediu. Djehuty was buried in TT11. He is known to have
served both Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III.
Benermerut - overseer of
the silver houses, overseer of the gold houses
Served during the sole rule of Tuthmosis III. Benermerut is known to
have donated land on behalf of the Mnevis bull in year 45 in
Heliopolis. A statue of Benermerut from Thebes shows him with the
King’s Daughter Meryetamun. He may have been buried in the North
because his tomb is not known in Thebes.
Overseer of the two granaries and of the accounts of grain of Upper and
Lower Egypt, Overseer of horses of the Lord of the Two Lands, Royal
Minnakht was the son of the judge Sendjehuty. A Sen-djehuty is depicted
in TT294 and this official was also an overseer of the granary. It is
not clear if this man is identical to Minnakht’s father. Minnakht’s son
Menkheperreseneb later served as Overseer of the granary, as well as
wab-priest in the mortuary temple of Tuthmosis III. Minnakht was buried
in TT87. We also know several of Minnakht’s subordinates. A scribe
namedHepu served Minnakht in his earlier years, while the scribe Wesy
is attested in year 33-34.
A man named Hatit was the corn measurer of Minnakht.
Tjenuna - Overseer of the
two granaries of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Tjenuna served as overseer in the third decade of the reign of
Tuthmosis. Hence he is known to have overlapped with Minnakht. He may
be identical to a Tjenuna who was “of the house of the divine
adoratrice”. He’s likely not to be identified with the chief steward
and steward of Amun by the same name who served under Tuthmosis IV.
Iamunedjeh – First royal
herald, Overseer of the ruyt, royal scribe, counter of cattle and fowl,
overseer of granaries who counts the taxes of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Iamunedjeh is known to have been on campaign in Syria with Tuthmosis
III in year 33, and he likely served as overseer of the granary later,
during the end of the reign. He may have held the porition at the same
time as Minnakht’s son Menkheperreseneb.
Overseer of the Granary of the Lord of the Two Lands, Wab priest in the
mortuary temple of Tuthmosis III.
Son of Minnakht. Menkheperreseneb served as Overseer of the granary
during the latter years of Tuthmosis III’s reign and held the position
into the reign of Amenhotep II.
Lower ranking officials:
Amenemhat, overseer of
the granaries of bread,
Wife: Henutiri. TT123. Amenemhet may have worked with Minnakht.
Nebamun Superintendent of
the grain stores under Thutmose III (Abbott Papyrus)
Neferhotep, Overseer of
the granary, Continued to serve under Amenhotep II. TT A5
Humay (maybe read Hemy),
Mayor of Memphis. [Griffith Inst.]
Known from a statue in the Louvre.
Kenamun – Mayor of
Mennefer (Memphis), Royal Butler, Overseer of the Granary.
Kenamun was buried in Thebes (funerary cone)
Pahery – Mayor of Nekhen
and Iunyt, scribe of accounting, royalnurse for Prince Wadjmose (son of
Tuthmosis I). Buried in Nekhen (El-Kab).
Fan-bearer, Mayor of Qusiya (Aphroditopolis), Mother: Taysent. TT20
Satepihu - mayor of Tjeny
Satepihu was in office during the coregency of Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis
Intef- Herald, mayor of
Tjeny (Thinis), chief of all the Oasis.
Min, mayor of Tjeny
(Thinis), Overseer of the prophets of Onuris. Overseer of the priests
Son of the lady Say. Sons: Senty called Iuty, and
Sebekmose. Min is shown teaching prince Amenhotep how to shoot, and
with the prince on his lap. TT109
Iamnefer- Mayor of
Nefrusy, wab priest and scribe of divine offerings of Thoth, high
priest of Thoth.
Iamnefer was the son of Pa-ahawty who was also mayor of Nefrusy.
Iamnefer particiapated in in atleast one of the Sed festivals. On a
statue from Karnak, Iamnefer is shown with the prince
Aakheperenreseneb. Iamnefer’s son Suemniwet accompanied Tuthmosis to
Syria and would later become a royal butler during the reign of
Sennefer(i), Treasurer and Mayor of Thebes
(continued from the reign of Hatshepsut). 'Overseer of sealbearers' in
the reign of Thutmose III, owner of Theban Tomb 99. (Statue in British
Museum). His wife Taiamu is depicted in TT99. Father: Haydjehuty,
"overseer of the bureau of Watet-Hor", Mother: Zatdjehuty "royal
Ahmose, Mayor of Shat, etc., son of Ahmosi and Teti
Dedi, Governor of the
deserts on the west of Thebes, Head of the troops of Pharaoh, Served
Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II; Wife: Tuy
Ineni, Architect, overseer of the granary in the
Amun domain; served under Amenhotep I - Tuthmosis III
Family statues are 240-244cm high and show (left to right) Ineni's wife
Thuau, Ineni, Ineni's father - Ineni, and Ineni's sister Aahhotep. (The
walls on either side of the statues are scenes of Ineni's relations)
May, harbour master in Thebes, TT130
Puyemre, Second Prophet of Amen (continued from the
reign of Hatshepsut)
Hapuseneb - High
Priest of Amun, Overseer of the hm-priests of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Served during the coregency of Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III. Probably
predeceased Hatshepsut. Buried in TT 67. Hapuseneb was the son of the
third lector priest of Amun Hepu and the royal ornament Ahhotep.
Hapuseneb was married to the lady Amenhotep and is known to have had
several children. His daughter Seniseneb was a divine adoratrix of Amun
and was married to the Second priest of Amun Puyemre.
priest of Amun
Theban Tomb 112. Son of the King’s Nurse Ta-iunet and the charioteer of
his majesty Hepu. His grand-mother is called Nebetta and may be
identical to the mother of the Menkheperreseneb of Tomb 86. But the
name is a rather common name at the time. On the other hand, the tomb
stylistically seems to date to an earlier part of the reign.
High Priest of Amen [Griffith Inst.] Superintendent of the Gold and
silver treasuries, Chief of the Overseers of Craftsmen i.e. High Priest
Buried in TT 86. Son of the sister of nursing of the king Nebetta. The
exact order and relationship of the two Menkheperresenebs is not clear.
The name of Djeser Akhet appears in TT86 and this may suggest a later
date (ca yr 44). Mention of certain areas in Syria point to a
possible date between year 33 and 44.
Sennefer – Greatest of
Seers in Heliopolis (HP of Ra), Greatest Controller of Craftsmen (HP of
This High Priest is known from the family tomb of his daughter
Sherit-Re and her husband Nebnakht –hm priest of Heryshef – from
Sedment. Sherit-Re, Nebnakht and their son Amenmose were buried in
Ken – High priest of Mut,
Mistress of Isheru
Ken was buried in TT59. His brothers Kenamun and Wesy were resp. the
overseer of gold workers and sculptors and the overseer of the granary.
Likely also related to the Temple of Mut. Ken was the son of an
overseer of the granary and the royal ornament Tuiu. His wife was named
Nebwawi - High
Priest of Osiris in Abydos. His position lasted all the way into the
co-regency with Amenhotep II. Also served as Steward of the
temple of Osiris and hm-priest of Heket.
Minmose (II): First
Prophet of Osiris. Son of Minmose I [Griffith Inst.]
Possibly during the earlier part of the reign??
lector-priest of Amun, First Prophet in Henqet-ankh
"Hereditary Prince and Count, Confidant of the King in the Council
Chamber, Great Offspring (of the king) in the Palace, Greatest of His
Companions, Master of the Secret of the Great Throne, Seal-bearer
of the King of Lower Egypt (i.e., 'Chancellor'). First Lector Priest of
Amun, followed subsequently by Second Prophet of Amun-Ra in the great
temple at Karnak (i.e., no. 2 high priest), and God's Father, Beloved
of the God (a mid-level grade of priest). On his funerary cones, Ahmose
also bears the title First Prophet in Henqet-ankh, i.e., high priest in
the mortuary temple of King Thutmose III Possibly "Child of the
Nursery of Queen Meritamun" (wife of Amenhotep I, c. 1551-1524). Father
Kaemheribsen, third priest of Amun, time of
Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep II (?) TT98
Mahu, Second prophet of Amun
Other members of the priesthood and
Ahmose Humay, Overseer of the estates of the God’s
Wife, Overseer of the granaries of the God’s Wife Ahmose Nefertari
TT224 Son of Senusert and
Taidy; Wife: Nub (Royal concubine)
Ahmose, Scribe of
divine writings, Child of the nursery, Head of the mysteries in the
House of the morning, Wife: Ahmose.
Amenemhab, Overseer of cattle of Amun-Re, Steward
of Menkheperre (Tuthmosis III), etc., lower part, with wife Nedjemet
Amenmose, overseer of cattle of Amun, overseer of
production-area of Amun, TT251
Amenhotep, Overseer of works in the temple of
Osiris, Director of works in the temple of Isis, Overseer of prophets
of Onuris, etc.,
Amenemhat, Amun temple administrator , TT53
Djehuti , Overseer of the treasury of Montu, etc.
(probably TT 11), on statue dedicated by son Mentunakht; served
Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III,
Minmose (I): Steward of the god’s wife. [Griffith
Samut, overseer of
works of Amun-Ra in Karnak, TT142; Son of Menta
(Overseer of the granary of Amun) and Thutnefer. Wife: Sitamun.
Amenemhab called Mahu, Soldier of
the Army, Deputy of the Army. Amenemhab was a favorite of Thutmosis
III. He was married to a royal nurse named Baki, and went on to serve
under Amenhotep II. He
served as an officer of the navy and became the commander of a vessel.
Amenemose, Captain of the troops under Thutmosis
III and Amenhotep III. Buried in TT42.
Dedi, Head of the
troops of Pharaoh, Governor of the
deserts on the west of Thebes, Served Tuthmosis III and Amenhotep II; Wife: Tuy
Djehuty, general. Known from grave goods (some
items are in the museum in Leiden).
Horemheb, scribe of recruits, served Tuthmosis III
- Amenhotep III (long service!) Tutor of Princess Amenmipet. Master of
the Horse. Married to Atuia TT78
Pehsukher called Tjenenu, standard-bearer of
Pharaoh, served under Tuthmosis III - Amenhotep II. Named Pehsukher, on
a statue. Bow-carrier of the Lord of the Two Lands (TT88) Wife: Neit
Royal nurse, Governess of the god); Sons:
Amenhotep and Amenmose.
Thutiy, General of the Army
Tjanuny, Commander of the Soldiers, Chief of Recruits, scribe
who recorded Thutmosis III’s military campaigns. Became Director of the
Palace administration under Thutmosis IV. Buried in TT74
Bibliography / Recommended Reading
1. Breasted, J.H. Ancient Records of Egypt, Vol2, The eighteenth
2. Cline and O'Connor (editors). Thutmose III : A New Biography, 2006
3. Dodson A. and Hilton D. The complete royal families of Ancient
4. Tyldesley, J., Hatchepsut, the Female Pharaoh.