Gary Lauterbach, Accelerating Architectural Simulation by Parallel Execution of Trace Samples, TR-93-22, Sun Microsystems Laboratories, December 1993.

Bob Cmelik and David Keppel, Shade: A Fast Instruction-Set Simulator for Execution Profiling, TR-93-12, Sun Microsystems Laboratories, July 1993. (Also there is a UW version of this technical report.)

Robert F. Cmelik, Shing I. Kong, David R. Ditzel, and Edmund J. Kelly, An Analysis of MIPS and SPARC Instruction Set Utilization on the SPEC Benchmarks, TR-93-11, Sun Microsystems Laboratories, March 1993.

Bob Cmelik, SpixTools Introduction and User's Manual, TR-93-6, Sun Microsystems Laboratories, February 1993.

John L. Hennessy and David A. Patterson, Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, California, 1990.

Mark D. Hill, Dinero III User's Manual.

Introduction to Shade, Sun Microsystems Laboratories, April1993.