History and Numbers

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The Egyptian Number System and Mathematical Notation

The Ancient Egyptians used a base 10 number system. The number one was depicted by a simple stroke, the number 2 was represented by two stokes, etc. The numbers 10, 100, 1000, 10,000 and 1,000,000 had their own hieroglyphs.

The numbers 1 through 9

Higher numbers were assigned their own hieroglyphs. Number 10 is a hobble for cattle, number 100 is represented by a coiled rope, the number 1000 is represented by a lotus flower, the number 10,000 is represented by a finger, the number 100,000 is represented by a frog and a million was represented by a god with his hands raised in adoration.

The higher numbers