Ancient Egypt


Page by Anneke Bart


Kings and Queens
4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III

18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.

19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI

25th dynasty
Alara, Kashta, Piye,
Shabaka, Shabataka,
Taharqa, Tanutamun, etc.

Cleopatra VII Philopator

Old Kingdom Queens (Dyn 1-6)
Middle Kingdom Queens (Dyn 11-13)
New Kingdom Queens (Dyn 16-20)


Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom

Amarna Period
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35


Amenemhat (III) Nimaatre 

ca. 1807/06-1798/97 BC

Horus name: Aabaw
Nebty name: Itjijautawy
Golden Falcon name: Wahankh
Prenomen: Nimaatre
Nomen: Amenemhat

Burial place: Pyramid in Hawara;
a first pyramid at Dahshur was never used for the king


Son of Senusret III.



  • Aat, She is reported to have died at the age of 35, and was buried in Amenemhat III's pyramid complex in Dashur. Titles: King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt)
  • Hetepi?, Mother of Amenemhat IV. Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), United with the White Crown (khnmt-nfr-hdjt), Mistress of the Two Lands (hnwt-t3wy)

 Sons: Amenemhat IV (?)


  • Neferuptah B,  Obtained a cartouche towards the end of her life. May have been groomed for the throne. Buried in her own pyramid in Hawara. Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f)
  • Sobekneferu, King's Daughter, Later Ruled as King for 3 to 4 years.
  • Hathorhetepet, King's Daughter, probably of Amenemhet III.
  • Nubhotepet, King's Daughter, probably of Amenemhet III.
  • Sithathor B, King's Daughter, probably of Amenemhet III.

King of the Twelfth Dynasty, who reigned about 45 years and is famous as builder of the the mortuary complex of the king at Hawara, at the entrance to the Fayum, probably the 'Labyrinth' that so impressed ancient Greek authors. There are several other buildings of the king in the Fayum (temple at Medinet Maadi, colossi at Biahmu) demonstrating the general interest of the king in that region of Egypt. His first pyramid was in Dahshur, but because of problems with the ground, another site (Hawara) was chosen for a second pyramid, towards the end of his reign. Especially in the Ptolemaic and Roman Periods the king was worshipped in the Fayum as a god. The sculpture of the king is remarkable for several unique statue types. (Digitalegypt)

Statue of Amenemhat III from the State Hermitage Museum.
This is a low quality image, the original(s) can be found at the Global Egyptian Museum (GEM)

Inscription on the statue:
The Younger God, Lord of Action Nimaatre, Son of Re Amenemhat, - - - of (?) Mut (?) - - -
The Younger God, Lord of Action Nimaatre, Son of Re Amenemhat, - - - of (?) Mut (?) - - -
(translation from Global Egyptian Museum Site)

Other Statues:

The upper part of a greater than life size statue of unknown provenance is now in in the Kunsthistorisches Museum. The King is depicted with the royal Nemes Headdress and a uraeus. (GEM) (Image)

The torso of a life-size statue is now in the Hermitage Museum. It carries an inscription:
King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Nimaatre, Who lives eternally. (GEM) (Image)

Building Program:

Remains of Pyramid at Dashur
(photograph by Philip Arrhidaeus)

Dashur:  The pyramid complex of Amenemhet II stands at Dashur. Now known as the "Black Pyramid", this complex is located in the South of Dashur. The temple against the eastern face was destroyed. Houses, probably belonging to priests were found along the northern side of the causeway leading to the Valley temple.
Underneath the pyramid are the King's chamber, Queen Aat's chamber, and an anonymous Queen's chamber. The King was not buried in this pyramid. Queen Aat was buried in this tomb. Her mummy shows a woman of ca 35 years old.
To the North are a row of shaft tombs. One of these belongs to the 13th dynasty King Auibre Hor. Another person buried in these shaft toms is the King's Daughter Nubhetepet-ikhered.

Pyramidion from pyramid

Hawara: The pyramid Temple of Amenemhet near the entrance of the Fayum. The great enclosure to the south was known in ancient times as "The Labyrinth". This temple was one of the greatest tourists attractions during the Greaco-Roman period. The labyrinth is known from descriptions by Herodotus, Strabo, and Pliny the Elder.

Statue of Sobek from the temple at Hawara

Amenemhat also had a pyramid built here for his daughter Neferuptah (B)

Collar from the  pyramid of Neferuptah at Hawara.

Kom el-Hisn: This site is all that is left of the ancient city if Imu. A temple dedicated to Sekhmet-Hathor stood at this site, and contained inscribed statues of Amenemhat III.

Medinet Madi:  A small temple dedicated to Sobek Horus en Renenutet was erected by Amenemhet III and his son Amenemhet IV.

Serabit el-Khadim (in the Sinai):  A Hathor temple dates abck to the beginning of the 12th dynasty. On the North side is a shrine of the kings vereated there, and this shrine was started by Amenemhat III.

Tell-Basta (Bubastis) Remains of a jubilee chapel was found at this site.


Bibliography / Suggested Reading

  1. Breasted, J.H., Ancient Records of Egypt, Vol I, The First through the Seventeenth Dynasties, 2001 (originally appeared in 1906)
  2. Dodson, A., Hilton, D., The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, 2004.
  3. Wilkinson R.H., The Complete Temples of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson, 2000.

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