Ancient Egypt


Page by Anneke Bart


Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III

18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.

19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI

25th dynasty
Alara, Kashta, Piye,
Shabaka, Shabataka,
Taharqa, Tanutamun, etc.

Cleopatra VII Philopator

Old Kingdom Queens (Dyn 1-6)
Middle Kingdom Queens (Dyn 11-13)
New Kingdom Queens (Dyn 16-20)


Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom

Amarna Period
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35

Meresankh II

Titles (Grajetski) Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw), King’s Daughter of his body (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f)
    Meresankh II was likely a daughter of Khufu and Queen Meritites. This would make her a full sister of Prince Kawab and possibly a full sister of Queen Hetepheres II. She was also a sister of Princess Meritiotes who was later married to the Palace Director Akhethotep (Akhtihotep).

    She was buried in a double mastaba with Prince Horbaf, who was likely a son of Khufu. It is assumed that Meresankh II and Horbaf married and had three children named Djaty, Nefertkau and Nebty-tepites. Meresankh II has the titles of a queen and it is usually assumed that her husband Horbaf died and that Meresankh remarried one of the subsequent kings. It is possible that she married her brother Djedefre, but it is also possible she later married Khafre.

    Meresankh may have been buried in the double mastaba G 7410 - 7420.

Her sarcophagus was found and removed during the 1927 excavations and is now in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. The sarcophagus is made of red granite and is inscribed on all four sides. The photograph provided by the BMFA shows a rectangular sarcophagus. The side shown is decorated with a facade of a palace. In the center the doors to the palace are shown. To the left of the palace facade is the inscription King's Daughter of his body Meresankh (sat nesu n khetef mr.s.ankh) on the right there is an inscription identifying the lady as [...] Horus, King's Wife Meresankh
According to Porter and Moss, the sarcophagus of Meresankh is decorated with an Anubis-jackal on the lid and offering-lists on ends.

Possible children of Meresankh II (with Horbaf?):

  • Prince Djaty King’s son of his body, Overseer of the expedition. His tomb is mastaba G 7810. The tomb may date to the end of the 4th dynasty or even the beginning of the 5th dynasty.
  • Princess Nefertkau. Buried in mastaba G7820 with her husband Iynefer. The mastaba dates to the end of the 4th dynasty or even the beginning of the 5th dynasty. Princess Nefertkau shares a name with Nefertkau, mother of Nefermaat, and according to Reisner possibly a wife of Khufu. Could Horbaf be a son of Nefertkau and Khufu? And could he have named his daughter after his mother? There is no evidence for this assumption, but it's an interesting coincidence.
  • Princess Nebty-tepites. A daughter mentioned in Meresankh's tomb G 7410 - 7420




Dodson, Hilton The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, London 2004
Grajetzki Ancient Egyptian Queens.
Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hierogliphic Text, Reliefs, and Paintings. Vol III Memphis: Part I. Abû Rawâsh to Abûsîr  Download from

Description of sarcophagus with photographs: click here (pdf file)

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