Ancient Egypt


Page by Anneke Bart

Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III

18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.

19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI

Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom

Amarna Period
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35

Queen-Mother Tuya

Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t)
Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes),
Great one of the harem of Amen (wrt-khnrt-n-imnw),
King’s Mother (mwt-niswt) or Mother of the King of S&N Egypt
Great King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-niswt-wrt meryt.f),
Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt (hnwt-Shm’w -mhw)
The God's Wife (hmt-ntr)
Queen Mother who bore the Strong Bull


All the quotes below are taken directly from:
Kitchen, K.A., Rammeside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume II, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
Sometimes part of the text was omitted and for any further information one should of course consult above mentioned publication.

Vatican Museum Statue of Mut-Tuy.

1. Statue, Vatican Museum no. 28 with figure of Hentmire.

On pillar: Mother of the King of S&N Egypt, Queen Mother of the King of S&N Egypt (even of) the Horus-Falcon, Strong Bull, Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II, given life like Re; The God's Wife and Great Royal Wife, Lady of Both Lands, Tuya, may she live.
On the crown: Tuya
On the left side (Princess wearing a ureaus) King's Daughter, King's Wife, Henutmire, may she live.

2. Statue and base block, Tanis from Pi-Ramesse.

A. Middle part of statue: Queen Mother who bore the Strong Bull, Usermaatre Setepenre, son of Re
i. Dorsal piller center: Hereditary Princess, Rich [in favours,...], Queen Mother, Lady of [...], God's Wife and Great Royal Wife [,...].
ii. Dorsal pillar side-lines: Great Royal wife, his beloved [...], God's Wife and Great Royal Wife, [...]
iii, Throne, left side: Hereditary Princess, Chief of the Harim, greatly favoured, God's Wife and Queen Mother [,...],Great Royal Wife, his beloved [...]

B. Base blocks. Cartouches of Ramesses II, then: Tuya, may she live.

3. Abydos

A. Fragments of Limestone statue
i. At foot: [..] Great [Royal Wife], his beloved, Tuya
ii. Fragment: Ramesses II
iii. Dorsal Pillar: [...] wielding the sistrum, [...] propitiating Amun with [every good] thing, [...], Great Royal Wife, [...]

B. In text at Ramesses II's temple: Room III, S & N walls.
King as Son of Tuya: Words spoken by King Usermaatre Setepenre, given Life, Son of Re, Ramesses II, the Horus-Falcon, <strong> bull, beloved of Maat, born of the Queen-Mother Tuya, may she live,...

4. The Ramesseum:


A. Titles on broken colossus: [...] Great [Royal Wife], his beloved, Tuya, may she live. [...], Lady of Both Lands, [Tuya,...]. [... Tu]ya, wife (?), may she live.

B. Scene in Temple; Main (central) doorway into the Great hypostyle Hall, S. Side, Inner (W) Face: Royal Mother, Great Royal Wife, Mut-Tuya, who plays sistra for her father, that she may attain Ôgiven life' forever.

5. Statue, Medinet Habu from the Ramesseum.

i. Dorsal Pillar, Right Half: Hereditary Princess, greatly favoured, Queen Mother of the King of S&N Egypt, Usermaatre Setepenre, Son of Re, Ramesses II, Mistress of South and North, possessing grace, [sweet of] love, [...],Queen-Mother Tuya, may she live, [Queen-Mother] of Horus, the one who bore her son for Re, [...] God's Wife and Queen-Mother Tuya, may she be healthy.
ii. Dorsal Pillar, Right Half: Hereditary Princess, Chief of the Harim, Queen Mother of the King of S&N Egypt, [Usermaatre Setepenre], Son of [Re, Ram]esses II, Mistress of all lands of/for [...],God's Wife and Queen-Mother Tuya, may she be stable, [... all lost except...] for the God's Wife and Queen-Mother Tuya, forever.
iii. Throne, left side: Hereditary Princess, Chief of the Harim, Mistress of [all] wo[men,...], Chief of the Harim of Amun, Sistrum-player [of Mut, ...] of Nebt-hetepet, [...], Rattle player of Hathor, [who adores] Re-Horakhti and propitiates Atum, God's Wife and Queen-Mother Tuya, may she live [...].
iv. Throne, right side [ ...3 lines lost ...] [...] She who sees Seth, [...],God's Wife and Queen-Mother Tuya, [...].

The inscription wasa recorded by Lepsius page 148

6. Deir el-Medina, Sandstone Lintel

"Fragment with cartouches of Ramesses II and " Tuya

7. Jar-Docket: Tomb Valley of the Queens.

Year 22: Wine, [...] of the Great Vineyard of A[... of the ] King of S&N Egypt, Usermaatre Setepenre, L.P.H., in the Estate of Amun, [...]

Canopic lid depicting Queen-Mother Mut-Tuya

8. Jamb (Vienna Inv. 5091)

Ramesses followed by Tuya, making Offering to Osiris.
i. Osiris:
Osiris, Lord of Ro-Setjau, great god, Lord of heaven
ii. Sun Disc: The Behdedite
iii. King: Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre, Lord of Crowns, Ramesses II Meriamun, God, Ruler of Heliopolis.
iv. Queen: Lady of Both Lands, Tuya.
Link to Global Egyptian Museum page. Quote:
Relief depicting Ramesses II with his mother. They are both bearing offerings to Osiris who is seated on a throne on the left. Only one arm and both legs of the god have been preserved. Ramesses is wearing the blue crown, a short kilt with bead pendants and a long garment reaching his ankles. In his hands, held up in a gesture of adoration, Ramesses is holding an incense burner and a washing basin. Between him and Osiris is an offering stand with a wash basin and a large lotus flower on it. Tuya is wearing the vulture head-dress and a long flowing garment. In her hands she is holding a hes-vase and a sistrum.

9. Minor Objects

i. Paint Grinder (BM 5547) Tuya
ii. Plaque (BM 24195) The God's Mother Tuya
iii. Scarab (UCL) Tuya


10. Ramesseum, Fragments at Medinet Habu, Etc;

A. Fragments of N. Side-Chapel of Queen Mother Tuya
i. Doorjamb Dedication:
[... Ramesses II etc]. He [has made] this monument for his mother, The God's Wife, Royal Mother, Tuya, justified.
ii. Ceiling Dedication: Horus-Falcon, Strong Bull, beloved of Maat; [Nebty-Ruler and Golden Horus names]; King of S&N Egypt, Usermaatre Setepenre, Son of Re, Ramesses II. He has made his monument for his mother, the Royal Mother, Tuya, the making for her of a temple [...]
iii. Hathor Capital: Tuya;  Ramesses II
iv. Block with Queen-Mother Tuya's Parents:
a. First Woman: T[...]
b. Over Man: Father of the Queen Mother, Raia, Lieutenant of Chariotry.
c. 2nd woman: Mother of the Queen-Mother, Ruia.
d. Doorway: Usermaatre Setepenre, the Good god, Lord of Both Lands, Usermaatre Setepenre.

B. Scenes of the Divine Birth of the Pharaoh
1. Amun and the Theban Conclave of Gods
 [Amun with Nut, Osiris and  Isis Ð rest lost]
2. Amun and Queen Tuya sit together:
i. Marginal Lines at Left: [...] the God's Mother, Mut-<Tu>ya. [...] the Queen-Mother Tuya.
ii. Amun's Speech ... How joyful is the dew, the scent of God's Land, the odor of Punt, See (I) establish my Son as King, etc....
3. Fragment of Text: [...Amen]-Re Ka[mephis? ...]; Lady of Both Lands, Mut-<Tu>ya, [...], amy she live, be young and be healthy [...]lie Re forever.
4. Squatting figure and Marginal text: [...] Ramesses II, the Queen-Mother Mut-[<Tu>ya]....
5. Theban Conclave seated: Nut, Osiris, Isis, the Ombite, Nephtys, [rest lost]
6. Speech by Seshat  <text omitted>
7. Fragment: Queen with Hathor
i. Hathor: Words spoken by the Lady of Dendera [...] rattle and sistrum.
ii. Queen: Great Royal Wife, Mut-[<Tu>ya]
8. Two scenes: Amun King and Hathor, and another Deity. <text omitted>
9. Amun and the Theban Triad
 <text omitted>
10 Goddess in Lower-Egyptian Crown.
<text omitted>


11. Great Temple Facade in Abu Simbel

King's Mother (mut-nesu), God's Wife (hmt-netjer) Mut-Tuya (Mut-Tui)

A. South of Doorway, Fallen Colossus: Depicts Hereditary Prince, Royal Scribe, general, King's Son, Prince Amenhorkhopshef, and Queen-Mother and God's Wife, Mut-Tuya.

B. Northernmost Colossus:Depicts Bodily King's Daughter, his beloved, Merytamun, Bodily King's Daughter, Nefertari, and Queen-Mother and God's Wife, Mut-Tuya,.

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