Ancient Egypt


Page by Anneke Bart

Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III

18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.

19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty

Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI

25th dynasty
Alara, Kashta, Piye,
Shabaka, Shabataka,
Taharqa, Tanutamun, etc.

Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom

Amarna Period
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35


Horus name: Iry-maat
Nebty name: Iry-maat-Nebty
Golden Falcon name: Netjer-nub-nefer
Nomen: Userkaf

Burial place: Pyramid at Saqqara (called Wab-isut-Userkaf)

  • Neferhetepes: She was the mother of Sahure. Titles: King’s Mother (mwt-niswt)
  • Khentkaues I?: Possibly the mother of  Neferirkare. Buried in tomb LG100 in Giza. Appears to have served as a regent and may have even taken on Kingly titles. Some of her titles are ambiguous and are apparently open for interpretation. Titles: King’s Mother, Mother of Two Dual Kings OR Dual King and Mother of a Dual King.
Royal Children:


  • Sahure
  • Neferirkare ?

  • Khamaat

Courtiers from the time of Userkaf

Sekhemkare, Temp. Khephren to early 5th dynasty. King’s eldest son of his body, Chief Justice and Vizier (probably of Userkaf and Sahure), etc. Burial site is tomb LG 89 (= G 8154). Sekhemkare was  a son of Khafre and Queen Hekenuhedjet(?). His wife, Khufu[..]et Royal acquaintance, is mentioned in his tomb as well as his sons Horkhaf, Khafre-ankh, Khafre-baf. In room II of the tomb a palace facade is depicted with the names of Khafre, Menkaure, Shepseskaf, Userkaf and Sahure inscribed above the scene.

Khufu-ankh ?. Tenant of the Great House, Overseeer of the SIngers of the great House, Overseer of the flutists, etc.
reisner dated Khufuankh to the time of Userkaf. (Baer assigns Khufu-ankh to a later period). Reisner may have based the dating on the fact that a box sealing with the name of Userkhaf was found in one of the burial shafts.
Khufu-ankh was the son of Iaunesut and Iupu. Khufu-ankh was married to the lady Djefatka who held the title of royal acquaintance. A son Menkaure-ankh is depicted with his parents in a group statue. Also mentioned in the tomb is Khufu-ankh's daughter Meritites
Tomb: Mastaba G4520 at Giza.

Nenedjerka ?,  Priestess of Hathor and Neith. A sealing with the Horus name of Userkaf may date this priiestess to the time of Usekaf.
Buried in mastaba G 4631 in Giza.

Nesutpanetjer. In his tomb the names of Djedefre, Khafre, Menkaure, Shepseskaf, Userkaf and Sahure appear, indcating Nesutpanetjer lived during the reigns of these rulers.

Ptashepses (High Priest of Ptah) (link: inscription) Ptahshepses was raised at the court of Pharaoh Menkaure. He married Princess Khamaat, the daughter of king Userkaf (or possibly Shepseskaf). He served seven kings: Menkaure, Shepseskaf, Userkaf, Sahure, Neferirkare, Raneferef, and Neuserre.
Reliefs from the tomb of Ptahshepses can be found in the Museum of Liverpool.

Ranefer (High Priest of Ptah) Ranefer is thought to date to the reigns of Shepseskaf and Userkaf.
The egyptian Museum has a standing statue of Ranefer as a youth.

Seshathotep Heti
- Overseer of all works of the King


Last edited: November 2008

Comments: email