Ancient Egypt

         

Page by Anneke Bart




 

Kings and Queens

4th dynasty
Seneferu, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, Djedefre, etc.

6th dynasty
Teti, Userkare, Pepi I, Nemtyemsaf I, Pepi II, Nitocris, etc.

11th dynasty
Kings named Mentuhotep and Intef

12th dynasty
Amenemhet I - IV,
Senusret I-III


18th dynasty
Amenhotep I-IV,
Tuthmosis I-IV, Akhenaten, Tutankhamen, Aye, Horemheb, etc.


19th dynasty
Sety I-II, Ramesses I-II, Merenptah, Amenmesses, Tawosret.

20th dynasty
Sethnakht, Ramesses III
Ramesses IV - XI

25th dynasty
Alara, Kashta, Piye,
Shabaka, Shabataka,
Taharqa, Tanutamun, etc.

Cleopatra VII Philopator

Queens (D1-6)- Old Kingdom
Queens (D11-13) Middle Kingd.
Queens (D16-20)- New Kingdom
Queens (D21-29)- Late Period



 

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom


Amarna Period
Akhenaten
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Smenkhare
Tutankhamen
Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

 
Tombs:
Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

 
Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary
 

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35



Links




Pepy I



Horus name: Merytawy
Nebty name: Merykhetnebty
Golden Falcon name: Biku-nub
Prenomen: Meryre (sometimes: Neferdjahor)
Nomen: Pepy

Son of Teti and Iput I
Burial place: Pyramid in South Saqqara

Copper statue depicting Pepy I.

Wives

Ankhes-en-Pepy I also called Ankhes-en-Meryre I:
Daughter of Khui and Nebet. Mother of King Nemtyemsaf I.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Mother of the Dual King Kha-Nefer-Merenre (mwt-niswt-biti-kh`-nfr-mr-n-r`), King’s Mother of Kha-Nefer-Merenre (mwt-niswt-kh`-nfr-mr-n-r`), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Wife of Mennefer-Meryre (hmt-niswt-mn-nfr-mry-r`), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Attendant of the Great One(khtt-wr), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Ankhes-en-Pepy II also called Ankhes-en-Meryre II:
Daughter of Khui and Nebet. Mother of King Pepy II. Sister of Ankhesenpepy I. Ankhes-en-Meryre II was Regent for her young son. She and her brother, Djau raised the young heir and kept Egypt stable until he was old enough to rule on his own.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), Mother of the Dual King Men-ankh-Neferkare (mwt-niswt-biti-mn-kh`-nfr-k3-r`), King’s Mother of Men-ankh-Neferkare (mwt-niswt- mn-kh`-nfr-k3-r`), King’s Mother (mwt-niswt), King’s Wife of Mennefer-Meryre (hmt-niswt-mn-nfr-mry-r`), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), God’s Daughter (s3t-ntr), This Daughter of a God (s3t-ntr-wt), Attendant of the Great One(khtt-wr), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)



Ankhesenepepy II and her son Pepy II

Nebwenet (= Nebuunet):
Buried in a pyramid in Saqqara.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Beloved King’s Wife of Pepy-Mennefer (hmt-niswt-nt-ppy-mn-nfr-meryt.f), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Meritites (=Meryetiotes) IV:
Buried in a pyramid at Saqqara.
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), King’s Daughter of his body of Pepy-Mennefer (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f-ppy-mn-nfr), Companion of Horus (smrt-hrw)

Inenek-Inty:
Buried in pyramid in Saqqara.
Titles: Hereditary Princess (iryt-p`t), Foremost of the Elite (h`tit-p`t), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Daughter of Merehu (s3t-Mrhw), Daughter of Geb (s3t-Gb).

Mehaa:
Mother of Prince Hornetjerkhet. Mehaa is depicted in Hornetjerkhet's tomb
Titles: King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Companion of Horus (tist-hrw)
 
Nedjeftet ?:
Queen mentioned on blocks found near pyramid of Inenek-Inty. Probably a wife of Pepy I
Titles: Great one of the hetes-sceptre (wrt-hetes), She who sees Horus and Seth (m33t-hrw-stsh), Great of Praises (wrt-hzwt), King’s Wife (hmt-nisw), King’s Wife, his beloved (hmt-nisw meryt.f), Attendant of Horus (kht-hrw)


A lot of the information here comes from Grajetzki and Dodson Hilton. For more details, images, some background information and a bibliography please consult these two works (see below)



Seal with name of Pepi Merenre.

Royal Children

Sons:
Nemtyemsaf I Merenre
Pepi II
Hornetjerkhet
Teti-ankh

Daughters:

Neith Daughter of Pepy I, and wife of Pepy II. Newberry speculated that Queen Neith is the queen Nitocris mentioned by Manetho. The legends record a Queen who avenged the murder of her brother (Nemtyemsaf I ?) and then ruled Egypt for a little over 2 years. Newberry places Neith's rule right before that of Pepy II. He speculates she may have been a regent for the boy-king. There is no conclusiive evidence for this theory. It's possible Nitocris ruled after Pepy II (not before) and it's even possible that there are scribal errors and that there was no female ruler at all.

Iput II ? Either a daughter of Pepy I or a daughter of Nemtyemsaf I. Wife of Pepy II

Inti? There is some debate as to wether Inti is a daughter of Teti or a daughter of Pepy I. It seems a bit more likely that Inti was Pepi's sister. Some have speculated that Inti was the mother of Queen Inenek-Inti. An alternative theory states that Inti could be a daughter of Pepi I and Inenek-Inti.
I'm not sure why it has not been suggested that Inti could be the daughter of Teti and was given the name Inenek-Inti after her marriage to her brother Pepy I.


Courtiers



Ankhmahor / Sesi
Vizier, dated mid Teti to Pepi I. Also held titles of Overseer of the Great House, and First under the King. Buried in Saqqara. His tomb is incorrectly known as the tomb of the physicians.

Inumin
Vizier, dated end Teti to Pepi I

Kaaper
Possibly Vizier, dated end Teti to Pepi I

Khentika
Last Vizier under Teti, possibly early Pepy

Iuu (Iww) - Vizier at the end of Pepy I's reign and possibly also under Merenre. Buried in Abydos.
http://www.umich.edu/~kelseydb/Publications/spring2000/abydos.html

Harkhuf   Reign of Pepi I, Merenre and Pepi II
Count, sole companion, ritual priest, chamber-attendant, judge attached to Nekhen, wearer of the royal seal, caravan conductor. privy councilor of all affairs of the South, favorite of his lord
He was the son of a man called Iri.
mentioned in the tomb are Sabni, also called Ni'ankh-Pepi and Djemi, also called Mesni.
http://www.osirisnet.net/tombes/assouan/khoui_herkouf/e_khoui_herkouf.htm
http://www.manetho.de/nekropolen/qubbet/qh_034n.htm
http://nefertiti.iwebland.com/texts/harkhuf.htm

Nekhebu also called Merptah-Ankhmeryre  Mastaba G2381  in Giza
Possibly Inti’s grandson?
Titles include: King’s Architect and Builder in the Two Houses, Overseer of all the Works of the King, Overseer of Royal Commissions of the Pyramid Menneferpepy, Sole Companion, First under the King, Chief Lector, etc.
Nekhebu’s autobiographical text outlines 4 missions:
I: In Lower Egypt Nekhebu worked on Ka-mansions and had administrative duties in three different locations: a “City of Lakes”, Akhbit, and the pyramid of Pepy (I). It seems that he worked for 6 years on the pyramid.
II: In Lower Egypt he oversaw the digging of a canal between Akhbit and the Residence.
III: In Upper Egypt Nekhebu oversaw the digging of a canal in Kus.
IV: Nekhebu carried out works on the pyramid monument at Heliopolis.
Nekhebu was apparently trained by an older brother named Merptah-Ankhpepy (also King’s Architect and Builder in the Two Houses, Overseer of all the Works of the King, Lector Priest, etc.).

Meryre-Nefer, good name Qar  Mastaba G7101 in Giza
Qar is possibly the son of Idu (G7102)
Mother: Khenut  Wife: Gefi (King’s acquaintance, Priestess of Hathor)
Son(?): Idu;  Brother: Nakhti;  Sisters:Tjetut and Bendet
Titles of Qar include: true pillar of Kenmet, overseer of the pyramid town of Akhet-Khufu, overseer of the pyramid town Netjery-Menkaure, overseer of the residence, overseer of the scribes of all the works, overseer of all the works, priest of Maat, overseer of the secrets of every command, tenant farmer of Meryre-mennefer, he who is at the head of the king, sole companion, inspector of the wab priests of Wer-Khafre, etc.

Idu Time of Pepi I ? Mastaba G7102  in Giza.
Titles of Idu: pillar of Kenmet, overseer of the distribution of offerings in the two houses, overseer of the great chapel, overseer of the great hall of justice, overseer of the meret-serfs, determiner of disputes, staff of the rekhyet-people, priest of Maat, tenant farmer of Mennefer-Pepy, he who is at the head of the king, he who makes right the determination of disputes, inspector of the wab-priest of Akhet-Khufu, inspector of the wab-priests of Wer-Khafre, etc.
Wife: Meretyotes;  Sons: Qar Idu and Hemi;  Daughters: Bendjet and Iry.




Resources:

1. Ancient Egyptian Queens: A Hieroglyphic Dictionary by Wolfram Grajetzki  link to amazon.com  listed at $35  Fall 2008 Golden House Publications (December 28, 2005) ISBN-10: 0954721896 ISBN-13: 978-0954721893

2. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt: A Genealogical Sourcebook of the Pharaohs by by Aidan Dodson and Dyan Hilton  link to amazon.com Listed at ca $35 Fall 2008
Thames & Hudson (October 30, 2004)  ISBN-10: 0500051283   ISBN-13: 978-0500051283

3. Conspiracies in the Egyptian Palace: Unis to Pepy I by Naguib Kanawati
Routledge; 1 edition (December 13, 2002)   ISBN-10: 041527107X   ISBN-13: 978-0415271073

4. The Complete Pyramids: Solving the Ancient Mysteries by Mark Lehner
Thames & Hudson (April 28, 2008) ISBN-10: 0500285470  ISBN-13: 978-0500285473

5. The Pyramids: The Mystery, Culture, and Science of Egypt's Great Monuments by Miroslav Verner and Steven Rendall
Grove Press (October 15, 2002)  ISBN-10: 0802139353  ISBN-13: 978-0802139351




Comments: email barta@slu.edu