Ancient Egypt


Page by Anneke Bart

Kings and Queens
11th dynasty
Mentuhotep I
Intef I Sehertawy
Intef II Wahankh
Intef III
Mentuhotep II Nebhepetre
Mentuhotep III Sankhare
Mentuhotep IV Nebtawyre

12th dynasty
Amenemhat I (Sehetepibre)
Senusret I Kheperkare
Amenemhat (II) Nubkaure
Senusret (II) Khakheperre
Senusret (III) Khakaure
Amenemhat (III) Nimaatre
Amenemhat (IV) Maakherure
Queen Sobeknefru Sobekkare

18th dynasty
Amenhotep I
Tuthmosis I
Tuthmosis II
Queen Hatshepsut
Tuthmosis III
Amenhotep II
Tuthmosis IV
Amenhotep III
Queen Tiye
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya


19th dynasty
Ramesses I
Sety I
Queen Mut-Tuya,
Ramses II

Queen Nefertari
Queen Isetnofret  
Queen Bint-Anath  
Queen Merytamen  
Queen Henutmire
Queen Nebettawy
Prince Khaemwaset
Temples - Ramesses II
Seti II, Amenmesse,
Siptah, and Tawosret 

20th dynasty

Ramesses III

Ramesses IV - XI

Cleopatra VII Philopator

Old Kingdom Queens (Dyn 1-6)
Middle Kingdom Queens (Dyn 11-13)
New Kingdom Queens (Dyn 16-20)

Officials, Priesthood etc.
Viziers (New Kingdom)
High Priests of Amun
God's Wives of Amun
High Priests of Ptah
Viceroys of Nubia
Who's who of New Kingdom

Amarna Period
Queen Nefertiti
inscriptions Queen Nefertiti.
Queen Kiya

Tombs at Amarna
Houses at Amarna

Valley of the Kings,
Valley of the Queens
Theban Tombs,
Tombs at Abydos
Tombs at El Kab
Tombs in Aswan
Early dynastic Saqqara
New Kingdom Saqqara
The Unis Cemetary

Mastabas at the Giza Plateau
Giza Mastabas 1000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 2000 cemetary
Giza Mataba 2300 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 4000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 5000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 6000 cemetary
Giza Mastaba 7000 cemetary

Mummy Caches
Tomb DB320
Tomb KV35

The New Kingdom Tombs from Saqqara

Compiled by Anneke Bart

Memphis (Mennefer) has always been an important city in Ancient Egypt. The necropolis at Saqqara dates back to early dynastic times. In recent decades many areas of the necropolis have been excavated yielding many new insights into the history of Egypt.

At the presents Saqqara is being investigated by many different teams.

•     The University of Leiden: lead by M. Raven and R van Walsem are excavating New Kingdom tombs located to the south of the pyramid of Unas and to the east of the step pyramid of Sekhemkhet.
•     The French archeologists from the Institute Francais d'Archeologie Orientale (IFAO), lead by A. Zivie, are excavating Old Kingdom tombs to the north-east of the Leiden team. They are also active at the Bubasteion. This team has also discovered some New Kingdom tombs.
•     The Scottish team of the Saqqara Geophysical Survey Project are excavating in the northern part of the necropolis. Under the direction of I. Matthieson, they have discovered an ancient Egyptian city which housed the workmen who built the pyramids at Saqqara.
•     The Japanesse mission from the University of Waseda and Tokai are excavating a New Kingdom necropolis at Dashur, which is part of the greater Saqqara area.

Below is a list of New Kingdom tombs. Some of the tombs have been located and excavated, while others are known to exist because objects or reliefs from the tomb have been found. The tombs are listed alphabetically.

List of Tombs from the 18th Dynasty



Ameneminet ,              Late 18th Dynasty, time of Horemheb
First chief in Memphis, general of the Lord of the Two Lands, steward in the temple of Tuthmosis III, etc.,
Ameneminet is depicted with his wife Takha on several blocks. [Martin pg 198 (figure 121), 200] , [Martin2, pg 7-9]

Ameneminet and his wife Takha.

Amenemone,            Time of Tutankamen, Aye and Horemheb.
Overseer of Craftsmen, Chief Goldworker, etc.
Parents: Kheruef and Nefertary (also named Iny) Wife: Nefertary, also called Tahesyt (songstress of Amun)
Sons: Ptahmose (Scribe of the treasury), Amenemhab (Chief of the goldsmiths), Nebmehyt (Goldsmith), Amenemone and Ptahemheb (no titles given)
Daughters: Nefertary (Mistress of the house), Wiat, and [Khai]tnesu (?) (Songstress of Amun?)
Excavated by the Australian expedition, lead by B. Ockinga.

Amenhotep called Huy,         Time of Amenhotep III
High steward in Memphis, Chief of Works, etc. , On the leg of a folding stool his titles are listed as: The Prince and Count, Unique Friend of the Lord of the Two lands, the Royal Scribe and Chief Steward.
Son of the judge Heby and Tutuia. Amenhotep's son Ipy was also High Steward in Memphis.
Leiden Museum has the canopic chest of Amenhotep-Huy. The chest has the form of a naos on a sled. On the lid Nut is depicted, while on the sides depictions of Isis, Nephtys, Neith and Selket accompany the four sons of Horus. [Schneider, Raven: pg 102-103]
[Martin, pg 38, 200]


Canopic Chest of Amenhotep Huy and pyramidion (from Leiden RMO)

Amenmose    end of 18th dynasty
Known from a relief depciting Amenmose and his wife Depet. (Relief is now in the Louvre).

Amenmose and his wife Depet.

Aperel (Aperia)     Time of Amenhotep III and Akhenaten.
Vizier, General of the Chariotry, and God's Father. Discovered in 1987 by the French under supervision of A. Zivie. The tomb is  designated at I.1 and is located  in the cliffs of the Bubasteion  (a sanctuary dedicated to Bastet).
Taweret, Aperia's wife,  may have been an important lady as  well considering the fact that she is the only New Kingdom woman to have been buried in a set of three coffins.  Their son Huy was buried in year 10 of Akhenaten or even later.
Wife: Taweret; Son: Huy (General); Also mentioned in the tomb are Aperel’s sons Seny and Hatiay. [Zivie pg 22, 32-61]

Aperel, after a photograph from [Zivie]

Djehuty Time of Tuthmosis III
Djehuty was Overseer of the Northern Foreign countries and a general from the time of Tuthmosis III. Several items from his tomb exists in musea, but the location of the tomb is knot known at present. [Schneider, pg 60, 61]

            Time of Tutankhamen and Aye, Later became pharaoh in his own right.
Generallisimo, Fanbearer on the right of the King, Chief of the entire land,etc.
Parents: Unknown;Wives: Amenia (Songstress of Amun), Mutnodjemet (Great King's wife).
Tomb was discovered in 1975. Several blocks of Horemhebs tomb can now be found in musea. [Schneider, pg 68 ],
[Schneider, Raven: pg 9, 79, 91-93],
[Martin pg 35-100]



Scenes from the tomb of Horemheb (photos by John Bodsworth)
Click on the images to see a larger image.


Two scenes from Leiden (RMO)

Iniuia,                  Time of Tutankhamen
High steward, overseer of the cattle of Amun, etc., Found by the expedition in 1993
Parents: Iuny (Magistrate) and Wesy;Wife: Iuy (Songstress of Amun);
Sons: Ramose (Scribe in the treasury of the temple of Aten) and Penahori (Scribe in the treasury of the temple of Aten); Daughters: Merytre and Wiay
The website mentions:
Schneider, H.D. et al. The Tomb of Iniuia: Preliminary Report on the Saqqâra Excavations, 1993, JEA 79 (1993), 1-9.
Schneider, H.D. The Rediscovery of Iniuia, EA 3 (1993), 3-5.

Iny,                      Late Eighteenth Dynasty
Overseer of goldworkers of the Lord of the Two Lands, one who knows the secrets in the house of gold, etc. [Martin pg 200]

Ipy                Late Eighteenth Dynasty
High steward, fanbearer on the right of the King, etc., Son of Amenhotep Huy.
His canopic jars are now in Leiden. [Martin pg 200]

Canoppic jar Ipy (RMO Leiden)

Ipay            Temp Tutankhamen - Horemheb.
Royal butler; Found by the Universities of Waseda and Tokai expedition in Dashur.
The tomb was probably reused under Ramses II by the royal scribe Mes.

Maia            Time of Akhenaten and Tutankhamen
Royal nurse of Tutankhamen. Discovered in 1996. Buried in tomb I.20 in the cliffs of the Bubasteion. Discovered by The French Archaeological Mission of the Bubasteion, lead by A. Zivie. [Zivie pg 22, 82-119]

Maya             Time of Tutankhamen - Horemheb.
Overseer of the Treasury, Overseer of Works, fanbearer on the right of the King and his wife Meryt, Songstress of Amun.
Maya's name seems to be written as on at least one occasion (See Martin2, pg 9-10)
Parents of Maya: Iuy (magistrate) and Weret; Parents of Meryt: Iuy (magistrate) and Henutiunu. (Half-)Brothers of Maya and Meryt: Nahuher (Royal scribe, High steward of the Ramesseum), Nakht (Scribe of the treasury) and Parennefer (Overseer of the bowmen, Overseer of the horses). Daughters of Maya and Meryt: Tjauenmaya and Mayamenti.
[Schneider, Raven, 88-91], [Martin pg 147-188]
Direct link to bibliography


Maya, Meryt, and Maya again as depicted in their tomb. (Jon Bodsworth)
Click on the images to see a larger image.


Double statue from the tomb of Maya and Meryt.
Now in the RMO in Leiden. (Photo on the left by Carla)

Merymery,             Maybe time of Amenhotep III, tomb could date to Tutankhamen - Horemheb.
Custodian of the treasury of Memphis, Wife: Meriptah.
Known from two relief slabs, 5 shabtis and an amulet (in the Museum in Leiden). [Schneider, Raven: pg 96-98], [Martin pg 200]

Meryneith (Meryre),         Time of Akhenaten
greatest of seers of the Aten', 'steward of the temple of Aten', 'scribe of the temple of Aten in Akhet-aten (and) in Memphis', and 'first prophet of the temple of Neith'
Found by the expedition in 2001 Father: Kawt, Wife: Anuia
Direct link to bibliography

Meryneith and his wife Anuia

Meryptah,              Late Eighteenth Dynasty
Chief Steward of the mansion (Temple) of Amenhotep III and brother of the High-priest of Ptah in Memphis Ptahmose. [Martin, pg 200] A stela mentioning Meryptah and relatives is spread over two museums. The top part is on display in Leiden, while the bottom part is in the Petrie museum.  Depicted are the parents Thutmose (Vizier) and his wife Tawy, with the two brothers Meryptah amd Ptahmose between them. To the right is an additional priest.

Top of a stela depicting Meryptah and relatives.

Mery-Ra,                     Time of Amenhotep III.
Chancellor.  But also mentioned in the tomb is the chancellor Sennefer. Possibly the same individual?
The tomb is  designated at II.4 and is located  in the cliffs of the Bubasteion  (a sanctuary dedicated to Bastet). [Zivie pg 22]

Meryre,              Probably time of Amenhotep III
Overseer of nurses of the good god [Pharaoh], etc. [Martin pg 200]

Nehesy,                  Time of Hatshepsut (and Tuthmosis III?)
Chancellor.  Buried in tomb I.6 in the cliffs of the Bubasteion. Discovered by The French Archaeological Mission of the Bubasteion lead by A. Zivie. Nehesy was in charge of the famous expedition to Punt somewhere around year 9 of Hatshepsut's reign. [Zivie pg 22]

Pa-atenemheb,     Time of Tutankhamen to maybe Horemheb.
Royal Butler,   Mother: Merytptah;   Wife: Tipuy; Children: 2 unnamed daughters.
Known from a tomb-chapel in the Museum in Leiden. The chapel is the middle one of three cult-areas from the back of the tomb.
[Schneider, Raven: pg 94-95], [Martin pg 30, 36-37]


The tomb of Paatenemheb in Leiden. The daughters of Paatenemheb and his
wife beneath their chair. (Photos by Carla)


Tipuy carrying flowers and Paatenemheb and Tipuy in a boat.



Offering scenes before several deities. (Photos by Carla)

Pay            Time of Tutankhamen
Overseer of the royal apartments of the King's private apartments in the Harem of Memphis, Overseer of the Cattle of Amun, [Martin pg 200]
And Raia,         Time of Horemheb - Seti I (?)
Overseers of the Horses, Fanbearer on the right of the King, (later) Overseer of the royal apartments of the King's private apartments in the Harem of Memphis, etc. Found by the expedition in 1994. Parents: unknown;Wife: Repyt;Sons: Nebre, Mahu and Raia;Daughters: 3 unnamed. [Martin 17, 201]

Ptahemhet called Ty        Time of Tutankhamen and/or Aye.
High-priest of Ptah, A block of his Saqqara tomb show members of Egyptian government including Horemheb. [Martin pg 192, 200]

Ptahemwia        Time of Amenhotep III?
A limestone stela was discovered in Dashur by the Waseda University expedition. Figures are carved in the centre over two registers,
and texts are incised in two lines on the top portion, four lines on the bottom  portion, and a column on each side.  The text reveals that the stela  belongs to the High Priest of Neit Ptahemwia and his wife and royal wet-nurse Nait.  The upper middle portion of the stela depicts Ptahemwia and Nait raising their arms in adoration to Osiris, who is seated to their left.  In the lower register, Ptahemwia and Nait are seated in front of an offeringtable, while their sons Iy and Huy present incense and offerings to them. (Translation by Kei Yamamoto)  (pdf file - in Japanese - with photographs of an article by Yoshimura, Kondo, Hasegawa, Nakagawa and Nishimoto).
A doorjamb of his tomb is located in the Museum in Cairo.

Ptahemwia        Time of Akhenaten - Tutankhamen /  Horemheb ?
His tomb was discovered in Saqqara in February 2007 by the Dutch team. Ptahemwia is a royal butler and seal-bearer. His wife Maia was a songstress of Amun. A limestone pilaster belonging to this tomb is now in a museum in Bologna. F. Rocchi mentions that one side is decorated and shows the tomb owner. "Ptahemwia [..] is shown with a Nubian wig, encircled with a narrow band, upon which
an unguent cone is laid. A usekh collar is at Ptahemwia's neck. A large and semi-transparent gown is worn, with short sleeves and large and long skirt. The right leg of Ptahemwia is forward. Sandals are at his feet. His bent right arm holds a long and thin staff; his left arm, kept along his body, holds what could be a long Isis knot." (see pdf file of article by Federico Rocchi, or EEF Bulletin Board)


Ptahmes,                 Time of Amenhotep III?
Scribe of the Land Register? Tomb II.x (underneath I.16, the tomb of Netjerwymes) in the cliffs underneath the Bubasteion. Discovered by the French expedition. [Zivie pg 22]

Ptahmose,              Time of Amenhotep III
High-priest of Ptah in Memphis, etc.  Known from among others a cubit rod belonging to Ptahmose.
There are two High-priests of Ptah by the name of Ptahmose. The first High-priest Ptahmose is the son of Djehutymes (Thutmose), Governor of the town and Vizier, and his Wife Tawy. This Ptahmose had a brother named Meryptah, who was a prophet and treasurer of the temple of Nebmaatre (Amenhotep III). The second High-priest Ptahmose was the son of Menkheper.
A man named Ankhptah was Butler to one of the HPM named Ptahmose.
See for instance [Schneider, pg 89, 108 ] and [Schneider, Raven: pg 102-103] [Martin pg 200]

Raia(y) also called Hatiay         Late eighteenth dynasty?
Scribe of the treasury of the temple of Aten in Memphis
Father: Iuty (director of the goldsmiths of the Pharaoh);Wife: Maia.
Buried in tomb I.27 in the cliffs of the Bubasteion. Discovered by The French Archaeological Mission of the Bubasteion, lead by A. Zivie. [Zivie pg 23]

Ramose,             Time of Tutankhamen - Horemheb?
Troop-commander, Deputy of the Army. Wife: Wina?; Brother: Tjay (scribe); [Martin pg 118-120, etc]

Resh        Time of Tuthmosis IV and Amenhotep III.
Officer, Buried in tomb I.3 in the cliffs of the Bubasteion. Discovered by The French Archaeological Mission of the Bubasteion, lead by A. Zivie. [Zivie pg 22, 62]

Roy            Late Eighteenth Dynasty
Chief of bowmen, overseer of horses, etc.  Wife: Maia, (chantress of Amun) [Martin pg 200, pg 202 - image 122]

Roy (Ry) and Maia.

Sakeh       Eighteenth Dynasty
Titles: the two eyes of the king ..., the king's confidant in Memphis, Speaker of the king, Nomarch of Memphis.
Known from a relief now in the Kunsthistorisches Museum. The text mentions: "... the two eyes of the King of Lower Egypt (in) the entire (land), the king's confidant in Memphis, the Speaker of the king, the Nomarch of Memphis, Sakeh true of voice. Possessor of favour because of what his mouth speaks, (possessor of love) because of his character, ...

Seth, also called Setesh,            Time of Amenhotep III
Royal cupbearer. Buried in tomb I.13 in the cliffs of the Bubasteion. Discovered by The French Archaeological Mission of the Bubasteion, lead by A. Zivie. Inscriptions in the tomb also point to a career in the military. [Zivie pg 22, 72, 73]

Tjenuro (or Tjel),
                Temp. Amenhotep III
Mayor of Memphis and his wife Ipay, the chantress of Amun, the Royal Nurse.  Two mummiform statues were found of the couple. Lady Ipay is represented as the god Osiris (complete with beard). [Schneider, pg 126 ] and [Schneider, Raven: pg 101-102]

Shabti of Tjel. (RMO Leiden)

Wesy,                                  Time of Amenhotep III
Standard-bearer of the ship, 'Front-of-the-beauty-of-Amun', chief of bowmen of the Lord of the Two Lands, etc.  [Martin pg 200]

Wiai,                                  18th or 19th dynasty?
Near the Serapeum a shaft tomb dating to the Middle Kingdom was discovered by the Waseda University Team. Wiai is aid to have been a craftsmen's chief of the house of Amun. Wiai was buried in a "black type" anthropoid sarcophagus with yellow lines and scenes featuring the four sons of Horus decorating two sides. He seems to have shared the tomb with the Middle Kingdom Ka-Priest called Sebek-Hat and two mistresses of the house, Keki and Senet-It-Es.



Statue of unknown couple from Saqqara
Leiden Museum (RMO)

List of Tombs from the 19th Dynasty


Ahmose,             19th dynasty
Official of the treasury at Memphis. Known from a shabti.

Harmose,         19th Dynasty
Steward of the Lord of the Two Lands, [Martin pg 201]

,             Time of Ramses II
Royal scribe, fanbearer on the right of the King, Steward.  Wife; Ty. [Martin pg 200]

Hori            Time of Ramses II (and Merenptah?)
High-priest of Ptah, Son of Khaemweset, grandson of Ramses II. [Martin pg 201]

    Temp. Ramses II.
Overseer of the royal apartments of the harim at Memphis, true royal scribe, etc.
Known from a naophor statue in Leiden, 2 stelaes in Berlin, and 2 reliefs in CAiro. Lepsius recorded this tomb as nr. 29 [Schneider, Raven: pg 100-101] [Martin pg 200]

Iny               Late dyn 18 - early dyn 19
Lower part of left tomb jamb of Iny, Chief royal scribe.
[Top. Bibl. : Petrie Museum, 14471. Stewart, Eg. Stelae i, 58 pl. 46 [6]; Martin, Corpus i, No. 52 pls. 19, 48.], [Martin pg 200]

Iryiry      Time of Ramses II.
High Priest of Ptah in Memphis. [Martin pg 201]
Iurudef       Time of Ramses II
Scribe of theTreasury of Amun, Scribe of the God's Offerings, private secretary to the overseer of the treasury Tia.   Wife: Akhes; Son: Tia? (Scribe of the treasury)

Iuty,             19th dynasty
Chief Physician, Known from a statue (now in Leiden Museum) [Schneider, pg 82 ], [Schneider, Raven: pg 99]

Statue of Iuty from Leiden (RMO)

Kairy,          19th Dynasty
Chief of chariot-makers, overseer of a workshop in the armoury, etc. [Martin pg 201]

Khaemwaset,      Temp. Ramses II
High Priest of Ptah in Memphis. Parents: Ramses II and Queen Isetnofret
Sons: Ramses (Sem Priest of Ptah), Hori A (High Priest of Ptah in Memphis); Daughter: Isetnofret (Possibly Queen of Merenptah, her uncle) Grandson: Hori B, (Vizier) son of Hori A. [Martin pg 201]

Khay             Time of Ramesses II
Troop-commander of Traders and Goldwasher.
Wife: Tawerethetepi; Sons: Amenkhau, Neferabu, Amenemope, Piay, and Pabes.
Grandchildren (children of Pabes and Taweretemheb): Ptahemwia (wab-priest), Semenma'atnakht (temple scribe), Amenhotep (wab-priest), Iset (songstress of Ptah), Nebetakhbit (songstress of Ptah).

 Khay, troop-commander of the traders of the treasury of Pharaoh, and his wife Tawerethetepti
are shown receiving a receptacle with sacred oils from their son Amenkhau.  (Jon Bodsworth)

Mery-Sekhmet,              Nineteenth Dynasty
Royal Scibe and Chief of the Granaries. His wife: Iuy.
Buried in tomb I.5 in the cliffs of the Bubasteion. Discovered by The French Archaeological Mission of the Bubasteion, lead by A. Zivie. [Zivie pg 22, 64-65]

Mes        Time of Ramses II.
Royal scribe, Steward, Overseer of the Horses of the King,
Found by the Universities of Waseda and Tokai expedition in Dashur.Mes reused the late 18th dynasty tomb of Ipay (Butler). An anthropoid coffin of Mes was found.

Mose,         Time of Ramses II.
Treasury Scribe of Ptah
Wife: Mutnofret, Chantress of Bast. Son of huy, the Treasury Scribe of Ptah and Nubnofret.
Huy is the son of Werel, the daughter (descendant) of Neshi.
The tomb records many generations of litigation about the lands granted to an ancestor named Neshi in the time of Ahmose.

Niay,            19th Dynasty
Royal scribe, priest of Sekhmet in the temple of Sekhmet. [Martin pg 201]

Netjerwymes (or Nemty-umes),  also known as Pa-rekh-anu,    Time of Ramses II
Envoy and Diplomat.   Discovered by the French expedition lead by A. Zivie. Tomb I.16 (cliffs underneath the Bubasteion).
[Zivie, pg 23, 120-142]

Netjerwymes as depicted in his tomb. Line drawings after photographs from [Zivie]

Pabes,             Time of Ramesses II and maybe Merneptah?
Troop-commander of Traders. See Khay for information

Pagerger,             19th Dynasty
Chief of chisellers. [Martin pg 201]

Pahemnetjer,    Time of Ramses II
High Priest of Ptah,    Son of the dignitary Mahu and Nena.
The sarcophagus of Pahemnetjer is in the British Museum even though the location of his tomb is not known. It’s presumed to be in Saqqara. Probably followed Huy. Father of both Didia and Parahotep the younger. Ca year 20 of Ramses II [Martin pg 201]

            19th Dynasty
Official in the temple of Ptah.
Known from an (11 meters long) book of the Dead Papyrus in Leiden. The papyrus shows his wife Iuy.

Pashedu,         late 18th Dynasty to the early 19th Dynasty
Found by the Universities of Waseda and Tokai expedition in Dashur. Finds include a pyramidion made of quartzite and a stela.

Parahotep (or Rahotep),        Time of Ramesses II
Governor of the town [the capital city], and vizier. Probably the son of Pahemnetjer. (There were two Viziers named (P)Rahotep)
A canopic jar with a falcon head bearing the name of a Vizier Parahotep is now in the collection of the Brussells Museum. The funerary text is devoted to Selkis and Qebensenuef. See Global Egyptian Museum page for the canopic jar. [Martin pg 200]

Paser(II),                      Time of Ramses II.
Overseer of Builders of the Pharaoh.  Father: Paser (I) (Royal Scibe, Steward of Amun);Wife: Pypuy (daughter of Bay and Ry);Brother: Tjunery (Royal Scribe, Overseer of the Granary, etc)
Children: Amonwashu, Ry, Ptahemwia, and Nehyt.

Pay,                     Time of Ramesses II
Chief of the Memphite Harem and Queen's Harem. Real King's Scribe, Chief of all Works,.
Son of the dignitary Amenemhab (Attendant of His Majesty) and Bak(et)meret. Wife: Repyt
Sons: Nebamentet, Treasury Scribe of the Lord of the Two Lands, Mahu, treasury Scribe in the house of Ptah, Ramose, Bowman of the Lord of the Two Lands, HAtiay, Stablemaster, Menna, BAwy, Herdsman of Amun, [...] a member of ship's crew.
Daughters" Mutemwia, Pipu and Nefertierau. [Martin pg 201]

Pen-Renut (or Pen-Renutet)        Time of Merenptah
Royal cupbearer. Tomb I.21 (Cliffs underneath the Bubasteion). Discovered by the French expedition. [Zivie, pg 23]

Ptahemhab and Amenemhab,          19th Dynasty
Chiefs of goldworkers. [Martin pg 201]

Ptahmai,             Time of Ramesses II
A family group statue of Ptahmai is in the Egyptian Musuem in Berlin. Represented in relief on the back are the parents of Ptahmai. In front and seated on the left of her father is a daughter Inuihaj, a Lady of the Kings Harem. A small standing figure is another daughter Henut Demui, a Singer of Amun. In the centre is Ptahmai himself with a small figure of his grandson Ramose at his right leg. The next seated woman on the right is the wife of Ptahmai, the Singer of Amun Hatshepsut. Ptahmai is only given the title Wab Priest of Ptah but the double gold necklaces he wears could suggest perhaps a earlier military career in which he must have served with distinction but intriguingly has chosen not to mention it (this suggestion and the identification of the family etc is made by Dr. Hannelore Kischkewitz)
[text by Sesen; for more information and more images see Gitta Warnemunde's page]

The statue is apparently donated by the daughter Henut-demui. Her sister Inuihaj is depicted as higher ranking according to her position as a lady of the King's Harem. On the back Ptahmai stands before his father Ini, a royal scribe and his mother. Ptahmai is accompanied by three daughters: the afore-mentioned Inuihaj and Henutdemui, as well as a girl named Schenes-Jat.

Ptahmai with his wife Hatshepsut on the right and his daughter Inuihaj on the left.
Photo courtesy of Sesen.

Ptahemwia,             Time of Ramesses II
Treasurer of the Ramesseum in Memphis, Noble, Sealbearer, Sole Companion,

Ptahmose,              Time of Ramses II
High Steward of the temple of Ptah in Memphis, etc. Known from a tomb relief now in the museum in Leiden.
The relief shows 2 sons and 3 daughters.  The names of the daughters look like Nadjet (??), Merytptah and Ta-sety (??)
[Schneider, pg 129 ], [Schneider, Raven: pg 99]

Ptahmose, (same as above??),         Time of Ramesses II.
Noble, Count, Sealbearer of the King of Lower Egypt, Sole Companion, Great Chief in the White Walls (=Memphis), Steward for His Lord,
Wife: Inuhety; His daughters are listed as Inuhety, Nafi, Nofretiye, Tawai, Mutkhati, Inunehet, and further down on the inscription we see daughters (-in-law?) Tamit, Merytptah and Nafi.
Sons: Hori, wab priest and temple scribe of Ptah, Usi, God's Father and Chief wab-priest in the House of Ptah, Iia, Wab Priest of Ptah.

The Osiris, excellent scribe of the sanctuary in the temple of Ptah, Ptahmes.

Let your ka have incense and libations. Let the sky be open for you, let the earth be open for you, let the road be disclosed to you.
His daughter, the lady of the house Iniuheti, justified.
His beloved daughter Nafi.
His beloved daughter Neferti, justified.
His beloved daughter Sawa.
His son the purifier, scribe in the sanctuary of Ptah, Hori, justified.
His daughter Muthati.
Iniunehet's nurse, Nafmentu.
His daughter Iniunehet, justified.
...that she may grant funerary provisions consisting of bread loaves and drink, oxen, geese, libations, wine, milk and all sorts of good things, (that she may grant) going out with the sun in all the forms he desires to the ka of the nobleman, royal scribe, overseer of the Pawer in the temple of Ptah, first chief of the Memphite nome, Ptahmes justified, blessed lord.
(from MUSEO ARCHEOLOGICO NAZIONALE/MUSEO EGIZIO, see global egyptian museum)

Ptahmose,  Time of Ramesses II
God's Father of Ptah,
Son of Yuyu, God's Father of Ptah and Mutnofret. Wife: Tamiyet (Takhuru?).
He had a son called Yuyu, Superior Priest of Ptah and a daughter Nafi.

Ptahmose,                19th Dynasty
Royal scribe of the treasury, overseer of the cattle of Amun, etc.


Pillars from the tomb of Ptahmose (Ptahmes), a royal scribe and treasurer in the temple of Ptah.
(Photo by Carla)

Ra,              Early 19th dynasty.
Scribe of the offering table of the Lord of the Two Lands.
 Known from a (6 meter long) Book of the Dead papyrus found in Saqqara, now in Leiden
[Schneider, Raven: pg 113-114]

Raia,              Time of Horemheb - Seti I (?)
Overseer of the Horses, Fanbearer on the right of the King, (later) Overseer of the royal apartments of the King's private apartments in the Harem of Memphis, etc. Found by the expedition in 1994. See Pay (above).

Raia,          Time of Ramses II.
Chief of Singers in the temple of Ptah.
Scenes from the tomb of Raia, temple musician [Martin]

Wife: Mutemwia (Songstress of Amun). Raia was a contemporary of Paser and Tjuneroy. His tomb is close to that of Paser.

Overseer of the temple domain of Ptah. Known from a naophorus statue in which Raia is shown with a naos depicting Ptah. On both shoulders the Temple of Ptah is mentioned. Offering formulas are inscribed on the top and sides of the shrine. On the left and the right Djed pillars are shown topped by human headed falcons. [Schneider, Raven: pg 101]

          Time of Ramses II.
Scribe of the king,  general and majordomo of the Ramesseum and  commander of the archers.
Wife: Touy (singer of Hathor, mistress of the Sycamore of the South).
A tomb scene from Brussells depicts the wife and her titles point to a Memphis provenance of the scene.
Global Egyptian Museum page

Ramose,              Nineteenth Dynasty
Scribe of recruits of the Lord of the Two Lands, deputy of the temple. [Martin pg 201]

Sayempeteref,              Time of Seti I
Title: chief of the goldsmiths of the funerary temple of Seti I. Depicted on a stela in the Alard Pierson Museum (Amsterdam) with his wife Neshay (lady of the house), his sons Amenmose and Qedes, as well as with his daughters Insuptah and Qednemehu.
Text: The Osiris, the chief of the goldsmiths of the funerary temple of Sethi I, Sayempetref, and his wife, the lady of the house, the Osiris [Neshay] justified. Offering incense, cool water, twice pure, a thousand of bread, a thousand of beer, a thousand of oxen, a thousand of fowl, and a thousand of all good and pure things of which a god lives to the Osiris Sayempetref [by] his son, who came from his body, Amenmose.
The Osiris Sayempetref and his wife Neshay. Bringing vegetables, offerings and provisions by his bodily son Amenmose
(and) Insuptah (f.) (and) Qedes (m.) (and) Qednemehu (f.).
[Martin pg 201]

Sety,                     Nineteenth Dynasty
Sword-bearer [in front of] the Lord of the Two Lands, armour-bearer of the company, 'Ruler-in-the-Two-Lands'. [Martin pg 201]

Simut                  Time of Ramses II - Merenptah
Scribe of the treasury of the Lord of the Two Lands. A seated statue mentions Simut (sA-mw.t) and his wife, the lady of the house Ta-em-suadjes (tA-m-swAD.s) [Schneider, Raven: pg 101]

Tia and Tia,         Time of Seti I -Ramses II
Overseer of the Treasury, Fanbearer on the right of the king, etc, (husband) and the King's Noble Sister, Songstress of Amun, Chief of the temple muscicians of Pre (wife).
Tia (the wife) was a sister of Ramses II. She was the daughter of Seti I and Queen Tuy.
Daughters: Mutmetjennefer and an unnamed girl.


A miniature pyramid in the courtyard of the tomb of Tia and Tia.
On the right a scene showing Tia and Tia travelling by boat.

Tjuneroy,         Time of Ramses II.
Overseer of works on all monuments of the King, royal scribe, etc.
Father: Paser (I) (Steward of the Temple of Amun), Wife: Nashayt
Brother: Paser (II) (Overseer of the builders), Sister: Iineferty.
The location of Tjuneroy's tomb is now lost, but slabs from his tomb are on display in Cairo, and his Canopic jars are in the Brooklyn Museum (New York). [Martin pg 121-124, 190, 200]

Urihiya,         Time of Ramses II.
High Steward, Real King's Scribe, Generallisimo
Wive(s): Djama, Tuy(a), Chantress of Amun.
Urihiya is known to have had at least 1 son: Yupa, High Steward of the Lord of the Two Lands, Granary Supervisor, Steward in the Ramesseum in the domain of Amun. He married Nuhety and his son Hatiay became Chief of Works and Chief of the Medjay.

Wepwawetmose,   Early 19th dynasty (maybe late 18th dynasty).
A shabti of the "deputy of the ship's crew of the royal palace" Wepwawetmose can be found in the Leiden Museum collection (AH 117)
[Schneider, Raven: pg 108]; Tomb papyrus column with Wepwautmosi, Royal scribe of the altar of the Lord of the Two Lands, Chief steward in the temple of Ptah, etc., and wife, in adoration before Maat, Cairo, Egyptian Museum, Temp. No.
[Top. Bibl.: Berlandini, J. in BIFAO 82 (1982), 99 n. 3 pl. xiv [A].]

Ramesside (19th or 20th Dynasty)

Benanta        Time of Ramses III.
Chief physician of the Mansion of Life, A lower part of a tomb jamb was found and is thought to come from Saqqara. Cairo, Egyptian Museum, JE 40031. 
[Top. Bibl. :
Gaballa, G. A. in JEA 59 (1973), 109-10 [1] fig. 1 pl. xxxvii [1]. Text, Kitchen, Ram. Inscr. v, 432 [210]]

,                      Ramesside
Scribe of Usermaatre-setepenre [Ramesses II] in the domain of Amun. [Martin pg 201]

Iurokhy,             Ramesside.
true royal scribe, general. [Martin pg 201]

Pakerer           19th-20th dynasty
Known from a 12 m long papyrus, now in Leiden. The papyrus depicts the feunerary procession for Pakerer. His wife Iuy is among the mourners. [Schneider, Raven: pg 113-114]

Ptahmose,              Ramesside
High steward of the temple of Ramesses II in the domain of Ptah, etc. [Martin pg 201]

Ptahmose,              Ramesside (19th dyn)
Tomb relief, Ptahmose, Overseer of the royal apartments at Memphis. Cairo, Egyptian Museum, JE 90221.
[Top. Bibl.

Ramessesemperre  Ramesside - Ramesses III?
Fanbearer on the right of the King, royal butler, etc., [Martin pg 201, 202 (im 123)]

Ramessesemperre before Hathor, Lady of the Sycamore.

Serbykhen,             Ramesside
Priest of Amun, Astarte, and Baal, etc. [Martin pg 201]

Tjayiri called User-khau-Re-nakht,     Time of Sethnakht and Ramses III.
Great Overseer of the Harem in Memphis,
A limestone statue of Tjayiry is on display in the Museum in Leiden. Tjayiri was a royal scribe and great overseer of the beauties of the Lord of the Two Lands. [Schneider, pg 72, 73 ]




1. [Martin]   G.T. Martin, Hidden Tombs of Memphis, Thames and Hudson, London 1991
2. [Martin2] G.T. Martin, Corpus of Reliefs if the New Kigdom from the Memphite necropolis and Lower Egypt, London 1987
3. [Schneider]    H.D. Schneider and M.J. Raven, Life and Death Under the Pharaohs, Australia, 1999 (?) - Museum book from the Natl. Mus. Of Antiq. In Leiden.
4. [Schneider, Raven]   H.D. Schneider and M.J. Raven, De Egyptische Oudheid, 1981, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden te Leiden.
5. [Zivie]   A. Zivie, Les tombeaux retrouvés de Saqqara, 2003
6. Saqqara Newsletter Vol 1,2,3
7. Saqqara Online:
8. [Top. Bibl.] Griffith Institute: Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Statues, Reliefs and Paintings, Volume 8 Part 3: Stelae and 4: Reliefs and Paintings
9. Waseda University Website 

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